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Energies 2017, 10(8), 1121; https://doi.org/10.3390/en10081121

Analysis of Low Temperature Preheating Effect Based on Battery Temperature-Rise Model

1
College of Electrical and Electronics Engineering, Harbin University of Science and Technology, Harbin 150000, China
2
State Key Laboratory of Automotive Safety and Energy, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 13 May 2017 / Revised: 22 June 2017 / Accepted: 27 July 2017 / Published: 1 August 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Advanced Energy Storage Technologies and Their Applications (AESA))
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Abstract

It is difficult to predict the heating time and power consumption associated with the self-heating process of lithium-ion batteries at low temperatures. A temperature-rise model considering the dynamic changes in battery temperature and state of charge is thus proposed. When this model is combined with the ampere-hour integral method, the quantitative relationship among the discharge rate, heating time, and power consumption, during the constant-current discharge process in an internally self-heating battery, is realized. Results show that the temperature-rise model can accurately reflect actual changes in battery temperature. The results indicate that the discharge rate and the heating time present an exponential decreasing trend that is similar to the discharge rate and the power consumption. When a 2 C discharge rate is selected, the battery temperature can rise from −10 °C to 5 °C in 280 s. In this scenario, power consumption of the heating process does not exceed 15% of the rated capacity. As the discharge rate gradually reduced, the heating time and power consumption of the heating process increase slowly. When the discharge rate is 1 C, the heating time is more than 1080 s and the power consumption approaches 30% of the rated capacity. The effect of discharge rate on the heating time and power consumption during the heating process is significantly enhanced when it is less than 1 C. View Full-Text
Keywords: lithium ion battery; low temperature preheating; temperature-rise model; heating time; power consumption lithium ion battery; low temperature preheating; temperature-rise model; heating time; power consumption
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).
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Wu, X.; Chen, Z.; Wang, Z. Analysis of Low Temperature Preheating Effect Based on Battery Temperature-Rise Model. Energies 2017, 10, 1121.

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