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Energies 2017, 10(8), 1080; doi:10.3390/en10081080

An Improved Droop Control Strategy Based on Changeable Reference in Low-Voltage Microgrids

Institute of Electrical Engineering, Yanshan University, Qinhuangdao 066004, China
Institute of Advanced Technology, Nanjing University of Posts and Telecommunications, Nanjing 210023, China
Institute of Marxism, Yanshan University, Qinhuangdao 066004, China
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 10 May 2017 / Revised: 9 June 2017 / Accepted: 20 July 2017 / Published: 26 July 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Control and Communication in Distributed Generation Systems)
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This paper proposes an improved droop control strategy based on changeable reference in low-voltage microgrids. To restore running frequency of distributed generation to a rated value without affecting its reactive power output, changeable frequency reference, mainly compensating for frequency deviation, are proposed corresponding to various load demands. In terms of active power sharing inaccuracy associated with mismatched line impedance, changeable voltage amplitude reference is proposed to obtain a droop line suitable for the actual voltage of distributed generations. By further improvement of the active droop coefficient, power sharing is accurate with a difference in actual voltages of distributed generations. Virtual negative inductance is used to neutralize the redundant line inductance for strictly improving sharing accuracy. A robust control method based on Lyapunov function is used to handle the robustness problem in case of load variation. The control scheme is entirely decentralized, so communication links among distributed generations are redundant. Finally, simulation studies demonstrate the effectiveness of a control strategy. View Full-Text
Keywords: droop control; changeable reference; frequency deviation; active power sharing; robust control droop control; changeable reference; frequency deviation; active power sharing; robust control

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Dou, C.; Zhang, Z.; Yue, D.; Gao, H. An Improved Droop Control Strategy Based on Changeable Reference in Low-Voltage Microgrids. Energies 2017, 10, 1080.

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