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Energies 2017, 10(7), 942; doi:10.3390/en10070942

Experimental Investigation on Propagation Characteristics of PD Radiated UHF Signal in Actual 252 kV GIS

1
State Grid Hebei Electric Power Research Institute, Shijiazhuang 050021, China
2
State Key Laboratory of Electrical Insulation and Power Equipment, School of Electrical Engineering, Xi’an Jiaotong University, Xi’an 710049, China
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 17 June 2017 / Revised: 17 June 2017 / Accepted: 4 July 2017 / Published: 7 July 2017
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Abstract

For partial discharge (PD) diagnostics in gas insulated switchgears (GISs) based on the ultra-high-frequency (UHF) method, it is essential to study the attenuation characteristics of UHF signals so as to improve the application of the UHF technique. Currently, the performance of UHF has not been adequately considered in most experimental research, while the constructive conclusions about the installation and position of UHF sensors are relatively rare. In this research, by using a previously-designed broadband sensor, the output signal is detected and analyzed experimentally in a 252 kV GIS with L-shaped structure and disconnecting switch. Since the relative position of the sensor and the defect is usually fixed by prior research, three circumferential angle positions of the defect in cross section are performed. The results are studied by time, statistics and frequency analyses. This identifies that the discontinuity conductor of DS will lead to a rise of both the peak to peak value (Vpp) and the transmission rate of the UHF signal. Then, the frequency analysis indicates that the reason for the distinction of signal amplitude and transmission rate is that the mode components of the PD signal are distinctively affected by the special structure of GIS. Finally, the optimal circumferential angle position of the UHF Sensor is given based on the comparison of transmission rates. View Full-Text
Keywords: gas insulated switchgear (GIS); partial discharge (PD); ultra-high-frequency (UHF) sensor; propagation characteristic; higher order mode; transverse magnetic (TM) mode gas insulated switchgear (GIS); partial discharge (PD); ultra-high-frequency (UHF) sensor; propagation characteristic; higher order mode; transverse magnetic (TM) mode
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Li, T.; Rong, M.; Wang, X.; Pan, J. Experimental Investigation on Propagation Characteristics of PD Radiated UHF Signal in Actual 252 kV GIS. Energies 2017, 10, 942.

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