Next Article in Journal
Influencing Mechanism Analysis of Holiday Activity–Travel Patterns on Transportation Energy Consumption and Emissions in China
Previous Article in Journal
A Single-Degree-of-Freedom Energy Optimization Strategy for Power-Split Hybrid Electric Vehicles
Previous Article in Special Issue
An Improved Droop Control Method for Multi-Terminal VSC-HVDC Converter Stations
Article Menu
Issue 7 (July) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Energies 2017, 10(7), 895; https://doi.org/10.3390/en10070895

A Hybrid Reliability Evaluation Method for Meshed VSC-HVDC Grids

1
The State Key Laboratory of Electrical Insulation and Power Equipment, Xi’an Jiaotong University, Xi’an 710049, China
2
The Department of Research and Application of New Technology, China Electric Power Research Institution, Beijing 100192, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Neville R. Watson
Received: 28 February 2017 / Revised: 7 June 2017 / Accepted: 28 June 2017 / Published: 1 July 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Electric Power Systems Research 2017)
Full-Text   |   PDF [5638 KB, uploaded 1 July 2017]   |  

Abstract

High-voltage direct current (HVDC) grids are emerging, and their reliability has been an increasing concern for the utilities. HVDC grids are different from typical two-terminal HVDC transmission systems due to the loops in their topology, which makes it difficult to evaluate the reliability by conventional analytical methods. This paper proposes an innovative hybrid method to evaluate the reliability of meshed HVDC grids. First, steady-state models and reliability models are established for the components in HVDC grids, especially for converters and power flow controllers. In the models, virtual buses are introduced to represent the external AC connections to the HVDC grid. Then a hybrid reliability evaluation method is proposed based on an analytical approach and Monte Carlo simulation. One innovation of the paper is the application of an analytical analysis method to accelerate state evaluation in Monte Carlo simulation by skipping unnecessary optimization. The proposed models and methods are verified on two HVDC grids. Test results show that HVDC grids under most failure states (approximately 70%) tend to shed no load except on buses connected to faulted converters, and the application of the analytical method could promote evaluation efficiency significantly. View Full-Text
Keywords: High-voltage direct current (HVDC) grid; reliability evaluation; Monte Carlo simulation; optimal load shedding High-voltage direct current (HVDC) grid; reliability evaluation; Monte Carlo simulation; optimal load shedding
Figures

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).
SciFeed

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Xie, H.; Bie, Z.; Lin, Y.; Zheng, C. A Hybrid Reliability Evaluation Method for Meshed VSC-HVDC Grids. Energies 2017, 10, 895.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Energies EISSN 1996-1073 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top