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Energies 2017, 10(7), 1030; doi:10.3390/en10071030

Influence of Catalytic Formulation and Operative Conditions on Coke Deposition over CeO2-SiO2 Based Catalysts for Ethanol Reforming

Department of Industrial Engineering, University of Salerno, via Giovanni Paolo II 132, 83040 Fisciano (SA), Italy
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Academic Editor: Thomas E. Amidon
Received: 8 June 2017 / Revised: 2 July 2017 / Accepted: 14 July 2017 / Published: 19 July 2017
(This article belongs to the Collection Bioenergy and Biofuel)
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Abstract

In this work, a series of CeO2-SiO2 (30 wt % of ceria)-based catalysts was prepared by the wetness impregnation method and tested for ESR (ethanol steam reforming) at 450–500 °C, atmospheric pressure and a water/ethanol ratio increasing from 4 to 6 (the ethanol concentration being fixed to 10 vol %); after every test, coke gasification measurements were performed at the same water partial pressure, and the temperature of the test and the gasified carbon was measured from the areas under the CO and CO2 profiles. Finally, oxidation measurements under a 5% O2/N2 stream made it possible to calculate the total carbon deposited. In an attempt to improve the coke resistance of a Pt-Ni/CeO2-SiO2 catalyst, the effect of support basification by alkali addition (K and Cs), as well as Pt substitution by Rh was investigated. The novel catalysts, especially those containing Rh, displayed a lowering in the carbon formation rate; however, a faster reduction of ethanol conversion with time-on-stream and lessened hydrogen selectivities were recorded. In addition, no significant gain in terms of coke gasification rates was observed. The most active catalyst (Pt-Ni/CeO2-SiO2) was also tested under different operative conditions, in order to study the effect of temperature and water/ethanol ratio on carbon formation and gasification. The increase in the water content resulted in an enhanced reactor-plugging time due to reduced carbonaceous deposits formation; however, no effect of steam concentration on the carbon gasification rate were recorded. On the other hand, the increase in temperature from 450–500 °C lowered the coke selectivity by almost one order of magnitude improving, at the same time, the contribution of the gasification reactions. View Full-Text
Keywords: hydrogen; ethanol reforming; coke; rhodium; alkali metals hydrogen; ethanol reforming; coke; rhodium; alkali metals
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MDPI and ACS Style

Palma, V.; Ruocco, C.; Meloni, E.; Ricca, A. Influence of Catalytic Formulation and Operative Conditions on Coke Deposition over CeO2-SiO2 Based Catalysts for Ethanol Reforming. Energies 2017, 10, 1030.

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