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Energies 2017, 10(7), 1021; doi:10.3390/en10071021

Controlled Operation of the Islanded Portion of the International Council on Large Electric Systems (CIGRE) Low Voltage Distribution Network

1
Department of Electrical Engineering, Quaid-E-Awam University of Engineering, Sciences and Technology (QUEST), Nawabshah 67480, Pakistan
2
Department of Energy Technology, Aalborg University, Aalborg 9200, Denmark
3
Department of Electronic Engineering, Quaid-E-Awam University of Engineering, Sciences and Technology (QUEST), Nawabshah 67480, Pakistan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Chunhua Liu
Received: 27 February 2017 / Revised: 24 June 2017 / Accepted: 5 July 2017 / Published: 18 July 2017
(This article belongs to the Section Electrical Power and Energy System)
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Abstract

In islanding, a portion of the power network, comprised of the loads and distributed generation (DG) units, is isolated from the rest of the power grid and forms a micro grid (MG). In this condition, it becomes essential for the islanded MG to operate in a stable and controlled manner by providing ancillary services. When the MG is cut off from the main grid, the islanding must be detected by the DG units. In this condition it is essential that one of the controllers should be switched to the voltage-frequency (VF) control mode. In islanding, the network loses it slack reference and this reference is established by a VF controller. The voltage and the frequency of the islanded MG deviate when disconnected from the transmission grid and these deviations are caused by the load-generation imbalance. The voltage and the frequency of the islanded MG can be restored to the permissible limits if the desired/exceeded amount of active and reactive power is injected/absorbed by the locally available sources in islanded MG. This paper proposes a control strategy which can compensate the voltage and the frequency deviations in the islanded portion of the International Council on Large Electric Systems (CIGRE) low voltage distribution network by using advanced power electronics devices such as STATCOMs) for Photovoltaic (PV) Units and Battery Energy Storage Systems (BESS) STATCOMs (for battery units). The selection of the VF controller for the most suitable DG unit of this test network is also presented in this paper, and the effectiveness of the controllers is verified by presenting simulation results using DIgSILENT (DIgSILENT GmbH, Gomaringen, Germany) power factory software version 15.0. View Full-Text
Keywords: Distributed Generation (DG); Micro Grids (MG); islanding; Voltage-Frequency (VF) control; voltage control; frequency control; Battery Energy Storage System (BESS) Distributed Generation (DG); Micro Grids (MG); islanding; Voltage-Frequency (VF) control; voltage control; frequency control; Battery Energy Storage System (BESS)
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Bhutto, G.M.; Bak, C.L.; Ali, E. Controlled Operation of the Islanded Portion of the International Council on Large Electric Systems (CIGRE) Low Voltage Distribution Network. Energies 2017, 10, 1021.

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