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Energies 2017, 10(6), 820; doi:10.3390/en10060820

Recycling COR-TEN® Sea Containers into Service Modules for Military Applications: Thermal Analysis

1
Defense University Center, Escuela Naval Militar, 36920 Marín, Spain
2
Industrial Engineering School, Campus Lagoas Marcosende, University of Vigo, 36310 Vigo, Spain
3
Armada Española, Escuela Naval Militar, 36920 Marín, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Hua Li
Received: 1 June 2017 / Revised: 13 June 2017 / Accepted: 14 June 2017 / Published: 17 June 2017
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Abstract

It is thought that there are 14 million standardised sea containers out of order, equal to 23.3 million twenty-foot equivalent unit (TEU), which could be devoted for other purposes. The COR-TEN®steel containers are the best, due to the features of the materials, to be used in applications intended for the accommodation of people. One of the uses is framed in the area of humanitarian help, as service modules in areas of social emergency. Moreover, the deployment of these kinds of modules is quite simple, as the Army is generally able to transport containers in its units. In this project we have selected three typologies of service modules and we have designed modules based on sea containers which can fit into these typologies. The container chosen to be recycled is the 1 TEU, to which the closings and divisions are defined, which must reflect the different typologies of the service modules chosen. Afterwards, a study of thermal charges is carried out on three different settings of service modules located in five locations spread in different climate areas. Throughout a thermal simulation in Trnsys® (V17, Thermal Energy System Specialists, LLC, Madison, WI, USA), the consumption and maximum demand of heat and cold are analysed. Based on these results, the best equipment to cover the energy demand of the modules analysed in this study could be chosen. Moreover, the results can be used to estimate the operational costs of the deployment of the modules. View Full-Text
Keywords: shipping containers; recycling steel; thermal simulation; Trnsys; energy demand shipping containers; recycling steel; thermal simulation; Trnsys; energy demand
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MDPI and ACS Style

Ulloa, C.; Arce, M.E.; Rey, G.; Míguez, J.L.; Hernández, J. Recycling COR-TEN® Sea Containers into Service Modules for Military Applications: Thermal Analysis. Energies 2017, 10, 820.

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