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Energies 2017, 10(6), 796; doi:10.3390/en10060796

Biomass Chars: The Effects of Pyrolysis Conditions on Their Morphology, Structure, Chemical Properties and Reactivity

1
University Grenoble Alpes, CNRS, Grenoble INP, LGP2, F-38000 Grenoble, France
2
Institut de Sciences des Matériaux de Mulhouse, UMR CNRS 7361, 15 rue Jean Starcky, 68057 Mulhouse, France
3
CEA, LITEN/DTBH/SBRT/LTB, 38054 Grenoble CEDEX 09, France
4
RAPSODEE, Mines Albi, CNRS UMR 5302, Route de Teillet, 81013 ALBI CT CEDEX 09, France
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Shusheng Pang
Received: 12 April 2017 / Revised: 30 May 2017 / Accepted: 6 June 2017 / Published: 11 June 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Biomass Chars: Elaboration, Characterization and Applications)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [3866 KB, uploaded 12 June 2017]   |  

Abstract

Solid char is a product of biomass pyrolysis. It contains a high proportion of carbon, and lower contents of H, O and minerals. This char can have different valorization pathways such as combustion for heat and power, gasification for Syngas production, activation for adsorption applications, or use as a soil amendment. The optimal recovery pathway of the char depends highly on its physical and chemical characteristics. In this study, different chars were prepared from beech wood particles under various pyrolysis operating conditions in an entrained flow reactor (500–1400 °C). Their structural, morphological, surface chemistry properties, as well as their chemical compositions, were determined using different analytical techniques, including elementary analysis, Scanning Electronic Microscopy (SEM) coupled with an energy dispersive X-ray spectrometer (EDX), Fourier Transform Infra-Red spectroscopy (FTIR), and Raman Spectroscopy. The biomass char reactivity was evaluated in air using thermogravimetric analysis (TGA). The yield, chemical composition, surface chemistry, structure, morphology and reactivity of the chars were highly affected by the pyrolysis temperature. In addition, some of these properties related to the char structure and chemical composition were found to be correlated to the char reactivity. View Full-Text
Keywords: biomass; pyrolysis; entrained flow reactor; char characterization biomass; pyrolysis; entrained flow reactor; char characterization
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MDPI and ACS Style

Guizani, C.; Jeguirim, M.; Valin, S.; Limousy, L.; Salvador, S. Biomass Chars: The Effects of Pyrolysis Conditions on Their Morphology, Structure, Chemical Properties and Reactivity. Energies 2017, 10, 796.

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