Next Article in Journal
Investigation on the Effect of the Gas Exchange Process on the Diesel Engine Thermal Overload with Experimental Results
Previous Article in Journal
Improved OCV Model of a Li-Ion NMC Battery for Online SOC Estimation Using the Extended Kalman Filter
Article Menu
Issue 6 (June) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Energies 2017, 10(6), 761; doi:10.3390/en10060761

Policy and Environmental Implications of Photovoltaic Systems in Farming in Southeast Spain: Can Greenhouses Reduce the Greenhouse Effect?

1
Department of Engineering, Escuela Superior de Ingeniería, Agrifood Campus of International Excellence (CeiA3), University of Almería, Ctra. Sacramento s/n, 04120 Almería, Spain
2
Department of Economic and Business, Agrifood Campus of International Excellence (CeiA3), University of Almería, Ctra. Sacramento s/n, 04120 Almería, Spain
3
TECNOVA Foundation, Almería 04131, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: George Kosmadakis
Received: 21 January 2017 / Revised: 5 May 2017 / Accepted: 25 May 2017 / Published: 31 May 2017
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [8821 KB, uploaded 15 June 2017]   |  

Abstract

Solar photovoltaic (PV) systems have grown in popularity in the farming sector, primarily because land area and farm structures themselves, such as greenhouses, can be exploited for this purpose, and, moreover, because farms tend to be located in rural areas far from energy production plants. In Spain, despite being a country with enormous potential for this renewable energy source, little is being done to exploit it, and policies of recent years have even restricted its implementation. These factors constitute an obstacle, both for achieving environmental commitments and for socioeconomic development. This study proposes the installation of PV systems on greenhouses in southeast Spain, the location with the highest concentration of greenhouses in Europe. Following a sensitivity analysis, it is estimated that the utilization of this technology in the self-consumption scenario at farm level produces increased profitability for farms, which can range from 0.88% (worst scenario) to 52.78% (most favorable scenario). Regarding the Spanish environmental policy, the results obtained demonstrate that the impact of applying this technology mounted on greenhouses would bring the country 38% closer to reaching the 2030 greenhouse gas (GHG) target. Furthermore, it would make it possible to nearly achieve the official commitment of 20% renewable energies by 2020. Additionally, it would have considerable effects on the regional socioeconomy, with increases in job creation and contribution to gross domestic product (GDP)/R&D (Research and Development), allowing greater profitability in agrifood activities throughout the entire region. View Full-Text
Keywords: photovoltaic systems; Spanish energy policy; agriculture; greenhouse; environmental objectives; socioeconomic development photovoltaic systems; Spanish energy policy; agriculture; greenhouse; environmental objectives; socioeconomic development
Figures

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

Scifeed alert for new publications

Never miss any articles matching your research from any publisher
  • Get alerts for new papers matching your research
  • Find out the new papers from selected authors
  • Updated daily for 49'000+ journals and 6000+ publishers
  • Define your Scifeed now

SciFeed Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Carreño-Ortega, A.; Galdeano-Gómez, E.; Pérez-Mesa, J.C.; Galera-Quiles, M.C. Policy and Environmental Implications of Photovoltaic Systems in Farming in Southeast Spain: Can Greenhouses Reduce the Greenhouse Effect? Energies 2017, 10, 761.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Energies EISSN 1996-1073 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top