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Energies 2017, 10(5), 701; doi:10.3390/en10050701

Dynamic Charging of Electric Vehicle with Negligible Power Transfer Fluctuation

Power Electronics and Renewable Energy Research Laboratory (PEARL), Department of Electrical Engineering, University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur 50603, Malaysia
School of Engineering, Deakin University, Waurn Ponds, Victoria 3216, Australia
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Joeri Van Mierlo
Received: 9 March 2017 / Revised: 29 April 2017 / Accepted: 3 May 2017 / Published: 16 May 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Advances in Electric Vehicles and Plug-in Hybrid Vehicles 2017)


High-efficiency inductive power transfer (IPT) with low misalignment effects is a key issue in the dynamic charging of electric vehicle (EV) systems. In this study, an advanced concept of analysis and design of transmitter and receiver coils with a special coil assembly is proposed for the dynamic charging of EVs. In each transmitter coil, large rectangular section is series connected with two zigzag-shaped small rectangular sections. These small sections are back-to-back series connected and located inside the large rectangular section. An adjacent pair of proposed transmitter coils with back-to-back series connection named extended double D (DD)-shaped transmitter is used throughout this paper. The major contribution in the case of the extended DD transmitter is negligible power transfer fluctuation, regardless of any horizontal misalignment of the receiver coil. Justification of the coil design is performed based on its load independent voltage gain and power transfer fluctuation characteristics. Experimental results prove that the power transfer fluctuation with load independent voltage gain is within ±6%, and the efficiency is approximately 93% under horizontal misalignment of receiver coil with an air gap of 140 mm. Finally, a new coil design set with a special arrangement has been proposed to maintain nearly uniform coupling factor and negligible power transfer fluctuation. View Full-Text
Keywords: zigzag-shape; extended DD; less misalignment effect; surface flux density (SFD); load independent voltage gain; negligible power transfer fluctuation zigzag-shape; extended DD; less misalignment effect; surface flux density (SFD); load independent voltage gain; negligible power transfer fluctuation

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Alam, M.M.; Mekhilef, S.; Seyedmahmoudian, M.; Horan, B. Dynamic Charging of Electric Vehicle with Negligible Power Transfer Fluctuation. Energies 2017, 10, 701.

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