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Energies 2017, 10(5), 685; doi:10.3390/en10050685

Modeling and Validation of a Diesel Engine with Turbocharger for Hardware-in-the-Loop Applications

College of Mechatronic Engineering, North University of China, Taiyuan 030051, China
China North Engine Research Institute, Tianjin 300400, China
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Wenming Yang
Received: 28 March 2017 / Revised: 2 May 2017 / Accepted: 9 May 2017 / Published: 13 May 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Internal Combustion Engines)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [3668 KB, uploaded 13 May 2017]   |  


This paper presents a simulator model of a diesel engine with a turbocharger for hardware-in-the-loop (HIL) applications, which is used to obtain engine performance data to study the engine performance under faulty conditions, to assist engineers in diagnosis and estimation, and to assist engineers in model-based calibration (MBC). The whole diesel engine system is divided into several functional blocks: air block, injection block, cylinder block, crankshaft block, cooling block, lubrication block, and accessory block. The diesel engine model is based on physical level, semi-physical level and mathematical level concepts, and developed by Matlab/Simulink. All the model parameters are estimated using weighted least-squares optimization and the tuning process details are presented. Since the sub-model coupling may cause errors, the validation process is then given to make the model more accurate. The results show that the tuning process is important for the functional blocks and the validation process is useful for the accuracy of the whole engine model. Subsequently, this program could be used as a plant model for MBC, to develop and test engine control units (ECUs) on HIL equipment for the purpose of improving ECU performance. View Full-Text
Keywords: diesel engine; mean value model (MVM); protection system; tuning and validation; hardware-in-the-loop (HIL) diesel engine; mean value model (MVM); protection system; tuning and validation; hardware-in-the-loop (HIL)

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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Yin, J.; Su, T.; Guan, Z.; Chu, Q.; Meng, C.; Jia, L.; Wang, J.; Zhang, Y. Modeling and Validation of a Diesel Engine with Turbocharger for Hardware-in-the-Loop Applications. Energies 2017, 10, 685.

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