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Energies 2017, 10(4), 533; doi:10.3390/en10040533

Impact of Silicon Carbide Devices on the Powertrain Systems in Electric Vehicles

School of Automation Science and Electrical Engineering, Beihang University, Beijing 100191, China
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Rui Xiong
Received: 7 February 2017 / Revised: 11 April 2017 / Accepted: 11 April 2017 / Published: 14 April 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Advanced Energy Storage Technologies and Their Applications (AESA))

Abstract

The DC/DC converters and DC/AC inverters based on silicon carbide (SiC) devices as battery interfaces, motor drives, etc., in electric vehicles (EVs) benefit from their low resistances, fast switching speed, high temperature tolerance, etc. Such advantages could improve the power density and efficiency of the converter and inverter systems in EVs. Furthermore, the total powertrain system in EVs is also affected by the converter and inverter system based on SiC, especially the capacity of the battery and the overall system efficiency. Therefore, this paper investigates the impact of SiC on the powertrain systems in EVs. First, the characteristics of SiC are evaluated by a double pulse test (DPT). Then, the power losses of the DC/DC converter, DC/AC inverter, and motor are measured. The measured results are assigned into a powertrain model built in the Advanced Vehicle Simulator (ADVISOR) software in order to explore a direct correlation between the SiC and the performance of the powertrain system in EVs, which are then compared with the conventional powertrain system based on silicon (Si). The test and simulation results demonstrate that the efficiency of the overall powertrain is significantly improved and the capacity of the battery can be remarkably reduced if the Si is replaced by SiC in the powertrain system. View Full-Text
Keywords: DC/DC converters; DC/AC inverters; silicon carbide (SiC); electric vehicles (EV); powertrain system; battery DC/DC converters; DC/AC inverters; silicon carbide (SiC); electric vehicles (EV); powertrain system; battery
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Ding, X.; Cheng, J.; Chen, F. Impact of Silicon Carbide Devices on the Powertrain Systems in Electric Vehicles. Energies 2017, 10, 533.

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