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Energies 2017, 10(4), 501; doi:10.3390/en10040501

Smart Distribution Networks: A Review of Modern Distribution Concepts from a Planning Perspective

1
Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, College of Information and Communication Engineering (CICE), Sungkyunkwan University (SKKU), Suwon 16419, Korea
2
U.S.-Pakistan Center for Advanced Studies in Energy (USPCAS-E), National University of Sciences and Technology (NUST), H-12 Campus, Islamabad 44000, Pakistan
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 31 January 2017 / Revised: 14 March 2017 / Accepted: 3 April 2017 / Published: 7 April 2017
(This article belongs to the Section Electrical Power and Energy System)
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Abstract

Smart grids (SGs), as an emerging grid modernization concept, is spreading across diverse research areas for revolutionizing power systems. SGs realize new key concepts with intelligent technologies, maximizing achieved objectives and addressing critical issues that are limited in conventional grids. The SG modernization is more noticeable at the distribution grid level. Thus, the transformation of the traditional distribution network (DN) into an intelligent one, is a vital dimension of SG research. Since future DNs are expected to be interconnected in nature and operation, hence traditional planning methods and tools may no longer be applicable. In this paper, the smart distribution network (SDN) concept under the SG paradigm, has presented and reviewed from the planning perspective. Also, developments in the SDN planning process have been surveyed on the basis of SG package (SGP). The package presents a SDN planning foundation via major SG-enabling technologies (SGTF), anticipated functionalities (SGAF), new consumption models (MDC) as potential SDN candidates, associated policies and pilot projects and multi-objective planning (MOP) as a real-world optimization problem. In addition, the need for an aggregated SDN planning model has also been highlighted. The paper discusses recent notable related works, implementation activities, various issues/challenges and potential future research directions; all aiming at SDN planning. View Full-Text
Keywords: microgrid (MG); multi-objective planning (MOP); looped distribution networks; smart distribution network (SDN); smart grid; smart grid package (SGP); virtual power plant (VPP) microgrid (MG); multi-objective planning (MOP); looped distribution networks; smart distribution network (SDN); smart grid; smart grid package (SGP); virtual power plant (VPP)
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Kazmi, S.A.A.; Shahzad, M.K.; Khan, A.Z.; Shin, D.R. Smart Distribution Networks: A Review of Modern Distribution Concepts from a Planning Perspective. Energies 2017, 10, 501.

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