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Energies 2017, 10(3), 385; doi:10.3390/en10030385

The Risk of Residential Peak Electricity Demand: A Comparison of Five European Countries

School of the Built Environment, University of Reading, Whiteknights, PO Box 219, Reading RG6 6AY, UK
Academic Editors: Xudong Zhao and Yanping Yuan
Received: 29 November 2016 / Revised: 8 March 2017 / Accepted: 15 March 2017 / Published: 19 March 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Solar Technologies for Buildings)
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Abstract

The creation of a Europe-wide electricity market combined with the increased intermittency of supply from renewable sources calls for an investigation into the risk of aggregate peak demand. This paper makes use of a risk model to assess differences in time-use data from residential end-users in five different European electricity markets. Drawing on the Multinational Time-Use Survey database, it assesses risk in relation to the probability of electrical appliance use within households for five European countries. Findings highlight in which countries and for which activities the risk of aggregate peak demand is higher and link smart home solutions (automated load control, dynamic pricing and smart appliances) to different levels of peak demand risk. View Full-Text
Keywords: demand management; European Supergrid; peak loads; residential electricity demand demand management; European Supergrid; peak loads; residential electricity demand
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Torriti, J. The Risk of Residential Peak Electricity Demand: A Comparison of Five European Countries. Energies 2017, 10, 385.

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