Next Article in Journal
A New Method of Ground Fault Location in 2 × 25 kV Railway Power Supply Systems
Previous Article in Journal
Development of a Vibration-Based Electromagnetic Energy Harvester by a Conductive Direct-Write Process
Article Menu
Issue 3 (March) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Energies 2017, 10(3), 335; doi:10.3390/en10030335

Orchestrating an Effective Formulation to Investigate the Impact of EMSs (Energy Management Systems) for Residential Units Prior to Installation

1
COMSATS Institute of Information Technology, Islamabad 44000, Pakistan
2
Institute of Management Sciences (IMS), Peshawar 25000, Pakistan
3
Department of Computer Engineering, College of Computer and Information Sciences, King Saud University, Riyadh 11633, Saudi Arabia
4
Information Technology Department, College of Computer and Information Sciences, King Saud University, Riyadh 11633, Saudi Arabia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Chi-Ming Lai
Received: 23 January 2017 / Accepted: 2 March 2017 / Published: 9 March 2017
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [1248 KB, uploaded 10 March 2017]   |  

Abstract

Demand Response (DR) programs under the umbrella of Demand Side Management (DSM) tend to involve end users in optimizing their Power Consumption (PC) patterns and offer financial incentives to shift the load at “low-priced” hours. However, users have their own preferences of anticipating the amount of consumed electricity. While installing an Energy Management System (EMS), the user must be assured that this investment gives optimum comfort of bill savings, as well as appliance utility considering Time of Use (ToU). Moreover, there is a difference between desired load distribution and optimally-scheduled load across a 24-h time frame for lowering electricity bills. This difference in load usage timings, if it is beyond the tolerance level of a user, increases frustration. The comfort level is a highly variable phenomenon. An EMS giving optimum comfort to one user may not be able to provide the same level of satisfaction to another who has different preferences regarding electricity bill savings or appliance utility. Under such a diversity of human behaviors, it is difficult to select an EMS for an individual user. In this work, a numeric performance metric,“User Comfort Level (UCL)”isformulatedonthebasisofuserpreferencesoncostsaving,toleranceindelayregardinguse of an appliance and return of investment. The proposed framework (UCL) allows the user to select an EMS optimally that suits his.her preferences well by anticipating electricity bill reduction, tolerable delay in ToU of the appliance and return on investment. Furthermore, an extended literature analysis is conducted demonstrating generic strategies of EMSs. Five major building blocks are discussed and a comparative analysis is presented on the basis of the proposed performance metric. View Full-Text
Keywords: user comfort; DSM; DR programs; appliance utility; EMS; scheduling; BPSO; energy efficiency gap user comfort; DSM; DR programs; appliance utility; EMS; scheduling; BPSO; energy efficiency gap
Figures

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

Scifeed alert for new publications

Never miss any articles matching your research from any publisher
  • Get alerts for new papers matching your research
  • Find out the new papers from selected authors
  • Updated daily for 49'000+ journals and 6000+ publishers
  • Define your Scifeed now

SciFeed Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Mahmood, D.; Javaid, N.; Ahmed, S.; Ahmed, I.; Niaz, I.A.; Abdul, W.; Ghouzali, S. Orchestrating an Effective Formulation to Investigate the Impact of EMSs (Energy Management Systems) for Residential Units Prior to Installation. Energies 2017, 10, 335.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Energies EISSN 1996-1073 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top