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Energies 2017, 10(3), 332; doi:10.3390/en10030332

Study the Flow behind a Semi-Circular Step Cylinder (Laser Doppler Velocimetry (LDV) and Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD))

Division of Fluid and Experimental Mechanics, Luleå University of Technology, SE-971 87 Luleå, Sweden
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Academic Editor: Bjørn H. Hjertager
Received: 1 February 2017 / Revised: 3 March 2017 / Accepted: 6 March 2017 / Published: 9 March 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Engineering Fluid Dynamics)
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Abstract

Laser Doppler Velocimetry (LDV) measurements, flow visualizations and unsteady Reynolds-Averaged Navier-Stokes (RANS) Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) simulations have been carried out to study the turbulent wake that is formed behind a semi-circular step cylinder at a constant flow rate. The semi-circular cylinder has two diameters, a so-called step cylinder. The results from the LDV measurements indicate that wake length and vortex shedding frequency varies with the cylinder diameter. This implies that a step cylinder can be used to attract fish of different size. By visualizations of the formation of a recirculation region and the well-known von Kármán vortex street behind the cylinder are disclosed. The simulation results predict the wake length and shedding frequency well for the flow behind the large cylinder but fail to capture the dynamics of the flow near the step in diameter to some extent and the flow behind the small cylinder to a larger extent when compared with measurements. View Full-Text
Keywords: laser doppler velocimetry (LDV); computational fluid dynamics (CFD); fish migration; step cylinder; shedding; vortex street laser doppler velocimetry (LDV); computational fluid dynamics (CFD); fish migration; step cylinder; shedding; vortex street
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Sayeed-Bin-Asad, S.M.; Lundström, T.S.; Andersson, A.G. Study the Flow behind a Semi-Circular Step Cylinder (Laser Doppler Velocimetry (LDV) and Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD)). Energies 2017, 10, 332.

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