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Energies 2017, 10(3), 273; doi:10.3390/en10030273

The Influence of BMSs on the Characterization and Modeling of Series and Parallel Li-Ion Packs

1
Department of Electrical, Automation and Electronic Engineering and Applied Physic ETSIDI Technical University of Madrid, 28012 Madrid, Spain
2
Department of Electrical Engineering Carlos III University of Madrid, 28911 Madrid, Spain
3
Electrical and Computer Engineering Department and Mechanical Engineering-Engineering Mechanics Department Michigan Technological University, Houghton, MI 49931, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Rodolfo Araneo
Received: 3 January 2017 / Revised: 21 February 2017 / Accepted: 22 February 2017 / Published: 25 February 2017
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Abstract

This work analyzes the effects of a BMS (battery management system) on the characterization and modeling of series and parallel connections of Li-ion cell packs. The Li-ion pack studied consists of four series modules connected in parallel. This pack has been characterized by means of charge, discharge and frequency tests. As a result of these tests, series and parallel influence on battery parameters have been determined. A model considering the effects of a BMS is established and compared with a model based on a single-cell approach. Experimental validations show that the single cell based approach gives poor results in comparison with a model that considers BMS effects. View Full-Text
Keywords: Li-ion pack; battery management system (BMS) effect; modeling; testing; hardware-in-the-loop (HIL) simulation Li-ion pack; battery management system (BMS) effect; modeling; testing; hardware-in-the-loop (HIL) simulation
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Castano-Solis, S.; Serrano-Jimenez, D.; Gauchia, L.; Sanz, J. The Influence of BMSs on the Characterization and Modeling of Series and Parallel Li-Ion Packs. Energies 2017, 10, 273.

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