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Energies 2017, 10(12), 2095; doi:10.3390/en10122095

A Multicriteria GIS-Based Assessment to Optimize Biomass Facility Sites with Parallel Environment—A Case Study in Spain

Departamento de Ingeniería Mecánica, Química y Diseño Industrial, Escuela Técnica Superior de Ingeniería y Diseño Industrial, Universidad Politécnica de Madrid, Ronda de Valencia 3, 28012 Madrid, Spain
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Received: 18 October 2017 / Revised: 8 December 2017 / Accepted: 10 December 2017 / Published: 11 December 2017
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Abstract

Optimizing a biomass facility site is a critical concern that is currently receiving an increased attention because of geographically spread biomass feedstock. This research presents a multicriteria GIS assessment with Weighted Linear Combination (WLC) (most suitable areas) and a sensitivity analysis (implementation strategies) applied to various disciplines using suitable criteria to optimize a biomass facility location in the context of renewable energies respecting the environment. The analyses of results with twelve criteria show the most suitable areas (9.25%) and constraints in a case study in Extremadura (Spain), where forest and agriculture are typical for land uses. Thus, the sensitivity analysis demonstrates the insight of the most influential criteria for supporting energy planning decisions. Therefore, this assessment could be used in studies to verify suitable biomass plants sites with corresponding geographical and spatial circumstances and available spatial data necessary in various governmental and industrial sectors. View Full-Text
Keywords: biomass plant location; sustainability; multicriteria spatial decision; WLC; fuzzy logic; sensitivity analysis biomass plant location; sustainability; multicriteria spatial decision; WLC; fuzzy logic; sensitivity analysis
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Jeong, J.S.; Ramírez-Gómez, Á. A Multicriteria GIS-Based Assessment to Optimize Biomass Facility Sites with Parallel Environment—A Case Study in Spain. Energies 2017, 10, 2095.

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