Determining the Flexible Ramping Capacity of Electric Vehicles to Enhance Locational Flexibility
AbstractA high penetration level of renewable energy in a power system increases variability and uncertainty, which can lead to ramping capability shortage. This makes the stable operation of a power system difficult. However, appropriate management of electric vehicles (EVs) can overcome such difficulties. In this study, EVs were applied as a flexible ramping product (FRP), and a method was developed to increase the system ramping capability. When increasing the FRP to the amount required for the system, the effect on transmission lines cannot be neglected. Thus, the required FRP considering transmission constraints is calculated separately for each zone to secure deliverability. To make adjustment possible, the zonal available capacity is calculated by considering the probabilities of the location and the plugged and charged states of EVs. The applicability of EVs as an FRP resource is examined, and the results showed that they can be used at a more significant level considering the transmission constraints. View Full-Text
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Kim, D.; Kwon, H.; Kim, M.-K.; Park, J.-K.; Park, H. Determining the Flexible Ramping Capacity of Electric Vehicles to Enhance Locational Flexibility. Energies 2017, 10, 2028.
Kim D, Kwon H, Kim M-K, Park J-K, Park H. Determining the Flexible Ramping Capacity of Electric Vehicles to Enhance Locational Flexibility. Energies. 2017; 10(12):2028.Chicago/Turabian Style
Kim, Dam; Kwon, Hungyu; Kim, Mun-Kyeom; Park, Jong-Keun; Park, Hyeongon. 2017. "Determining the Flexible Ramping Capacity of Electric Vehicles to Enhance Locational Flexibility." Energies 10, no. 12: 2028.
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