Experimental and One-Dimensional Mathematical Modeling of Different Operating Parameters in Direct Formic Acid Fuel Cells
AbstractThe purpose of this work is to develop a one-dimensional mathematical model for predicting the cell performance of a direct formic acid fuel cell and compare this with experimental results. The predicted model can be applied to direct formic acid fuel cells operated with different formic acid concentrations, temperatures, and with various electrolytes. Tafel kinetics at the electrodes, thermodynamic equations for formic acid solutions, and the mass-transport parameters of the reactants are used to predict the effective diffusion coefficients of the reactants (oxygen and formic acid) in the porous gas diffusion layers and the associated limiting current densities to ensure the accuracy of the model. This model allows us to estimate fuel cell polarization curves for a wide range of operating conditions. Furthermore, the model is validated with experimental results from operating at 1–5 M of formic acid feed at 30–80 °C, and with Nafion-117 and silane-crosslinked sulfonated poly(styrene-ethylene/butylene-styrene) (sSEBS) membrane electrolytes reinforced in porous polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE). The cell potential and power densities of experimental outcomes in direct formic acid fuel cells can be adequately predicted using the developed model. View Full-Text
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Lue, S.J.; Liu, N.-Y.; Rajesh Kumar, S.; Tseng, K.C.-Y.; Wang, B.-Y.; Leung, C.-H. Experimental and One-Dimensional Mathematical Modeling of Different Operating Parameters in Direct Formic Acid Fuel Cells. Energies 2017, 10, 1972.
Lue SJ, Liu N-Y, Rajesh Kumar S, Tseng KC-Y, Wang B-Y, Leung C-H. Experimental and One-Dimensional Mathematical Modeling of Different Operating Parameters in Direct Formic Acid Fuel Cells. Energies. 2017; 10(12):1972.Chicago/Turabian Style
Lue, Shingjiang J.; Liu, Nai-Yuan; Rajesh Kumar, Selvaraj; Tseng, Kevin C.-Y.; Wang, Bo-Yan; Leung, Chieh-Hsin. 2017. "Experimental and One-Dimensional Mathematical Modeling of Different Operating Parameters in Direct Formic Acid Fuel Cells." Energies 10, no. 12: 1972.
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