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Energies 2017, 10(12), 1959; doi:10.3390/en10121959

Sliding Mode Controller and Lyapunov Redesign Controller to Improve Microgrid Stability: A Comparative Analysis with CPL Power Variation

1
Department of Electrical Engineering & Renewable Energy, Oregon Tech, Klamath Falls, OR 97601, USA
2
Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee, Milwaukee, WI 53211, USA
3
Department of Electrical and Electronics Engineering, University of Johannesburg, Auckland Park 2006, South Africa
4
Faculty of Engineering, Østfold University College, Kobberslagerstredet 5, 1671 Kråkeroy-Fredrikstad, Norway
5
Centre for Reliable Power Electronics (CORPE), Department of Energy Technology, Aalborg University, 9000 Aalborg, Denmark
6
Institute of Power Engineering, Department of Electrical Power Engineering, Universiti Tenaga Nasional, Kajang 43000, Selangor, Malaysia
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 11 September 2017 / Revised: 13 October 2017 / Accepted: 25 October 2017 / Published: 24 November 2017
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Abstract

To mitigate the microgrid instability despite the presence of dense Constant Power Load (CPL) loads in the system, a number of compensation techniques have already been gone through extensive research, proposed, and implemented around the world. In this paper, a storage based load side compensation technique is used to enhance stability of microgrids. Besides adopting this technique here, Sliding Mode Controller (SMC) and Lyapunov Redesign Controller (LRC), two of the most prominent nonlinear control techniques, are individually implemented to control microgrid system stability with desired robustness. CPL power is then varied to compare robustness of these two control techniques. This investigation revealed the better performance of the LRC system compared to SMC to retain stability in microgrid with dense CPL load. All the necessary results are simulated in Matlab/Simulink platform for authentic verification. Reasons behind inferior SMC performance and ways to mitigate that are also discussed. Finally, the effectiveness of SMC and LRC systems to attain stability in real microgrids is verified by numerical analysis. View Full-Text
Keywords: sliding mode control; Lyapunov redesign control; constant power load; robustness analysis; variation of CPL power; microgrid stability sliding mode control; Lyapunov redesign control; constant power load; robustness analysis; variation of CPL power; microgrid stability
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MDPI and ACS Style

Hossain, E.; Perez, R.; Padmanaban, S.; Mihet-Popa, L.; Blaabjerg, F.; Ramachandaramurthy, V.K. Sliding Mode Controller and Lyapunov Redesign Controller to Improve Microgrid Stability: A Comparative Analysis with CPL Power Variation. Energies 2017, 10, 1959.

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