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Energies 2017, 10(12), 1956; https://doi.org/10.3390/en10121956

Research on Exergy Flow Composition and Exergy Loss Mechanisms for Waxy Crude Oil Pipeline Transport Processes

Key Lab of Ministry of Education for Enhancing the Oil and Gas Recovery Ratio, Northeast Petroleum University, Daqing, 163318, China
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Received: 19 October 2017 / Revised: 19 November 2017 / Accepted: 21 November 2017 / Published: 24 November 2017
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Abstract

The basic theory of exergy was used to derive the formulae of physical and chemical exergy in the process of pipeline transportation, combined with the effect of wax deposition on the thermodynamic parameters including specific heat, density, chemical potential and concentration gradient. On the basis of this, the expression of various exergy losses were derived, and the exergy balance model was then built in the process. For the case study, a waxy crude oil pipeline in China was selected. The mechanism for how wax deposition affected the physical and chemical exergy loss was studied through analyzing the axial pipeline distribution of pressure, temperature, flow rate and thickness of insulation layer. Finally, under the design flow of 66 × 103 kg·h−1, the orthogonal experimental analysis method was used for comparing the degree of specific factors which could influence the total exergy efficiency. The highest exergy efficiency combination of working conditions was then determined. This research could provide a theoretical basis for guiding safe and economic operation in the actual pipeline transportation process. View Full-Text
Keywords: waxy crude oil; wax precipitation; physical exergy; chemical exergy; exergy loss waxy crude oil; wax precipitation; physical exergy; chemical exergy; exergy loss
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Cheng, Q.; Gan, Y.; Su, W.; Liu, Y.; Sun, W.; Xu, Y. Research on Exergy Flow Composition and Exergy Loss Mechanisms for Waxy Crude Oil Pipeline Transport Processes. Energies 2017, 10, 1956.

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