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Energies 2017, 10(11), 1923; doi:10.3390/en10111923

Energy Management and Control of Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicle Charging Stations in a Grid-Connected Hybrid Power System

1
Department of Electrical Engineering, COMSATS Institute of Information Technology, Abbottabad 22060, Pakistan
2
Department of Power System and Its Automation, Chongqing University, Chongqing 400044, China
3
Department of Electrical and Electronics Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Sakarya University, Serdivan/Sakarya 54050, Turkey
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 13 October 2017 / Revised: 10 November 2017 / Accepted: 10 November 2017 / Published: 21 November 2017
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Abstract

The charging infrastructure plays a key role in the healthy and rapid development of the electric vehicle industry. This paper presents an energy management and control system of an electric vehicle charging station. The charging station (CS) is integrated to a grid-connected hybrid power system having a wind turbine maximum power point tracking (MPPT) controlled subsystem, photovoltaic (PV) MPPT controlled subsystem and a controlled solid oxide fuel cell with electrolyzer subsystem which are characterized as renewable energy sources. In this article, an energy management system is designed for charging and discharging of five different plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs) simultaneously to fulfil the grid-to-vehicle (G2V), vehicle-to-grid (V2G), grid-to-battery storage system (G2BSS), battery storage system-to-grid (BSS2G), battery storage system-to-vehicle (BSS2V), vehicle-to-battery storage system (V2BSS) and vehicle-to-vehicle (V2V) charging and discharging requirements of the charging station. A simulation test-bed in Matlab/Simulink is developed to evaluate and control adaptively the AC-DC-AC converter of non-renewable energy source, DC-DC converters of the storage system, DC-AC grid side inverter and the converters of the CS using adaptive proportional-integral-derivate (AdapPID) control paradigm. The effectiveness of the AdapPID control strategy is validated through simulation results by comparing with conventional PID control scheme. View Full-Text
Keywords: renewable energy; hybrid power system; charging station; PHEVs; adaptive PID renewable energy; hybrid power system; charging station; PHEVs; adaptive PID
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Mumtaz, S.; Ali, S.; Ahmad, S.; Khan, L.; Hassan, S.Z.; Kamal, T. Energy Management and Control of Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicle Charging Stations in a Grid-Connected Hybrid Power System. Energies 2017, 10, 1923.

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