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Energies 2017, 10(11), 1912; doi:10.3390/en10111912

Modeling and Control of Fluid Flow Networks with Application to a Nuclear-Solar Hybrid Plant

Institute of Nuclear and New Energy Technology, Collaborative Innovation Centre of Advanced Nuclear Energy Technology, Key Laboratory of Advanced Reactor Engineering and Safety of Ministry of Education, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 1 November 2017 / Revised: 13 November 2017 / Accepted: 18 November 2017 / Published: 20 November 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue The Future of Solar Thermal Energy)
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Fluid flow networks (FFNs) can be utilized to integrate multiple once-through heat supply system (OTHSS) modules based on either the same or different energy resources such as the renewable, nuclear and fossil for multi-modular and hybrid energy systems. Modeling and control is very important for the safe, stable and efficient operation of the FFNs, whose objective is to maintain both the flowrates and pressure-drops of the network branches within specific bounds. In this paper, a differential-algebraic nonlinear dynamic model for general FFNs with multiple pump branches is proposed based on both the branch hydraulics and network graph properties. Then, an adaptive decentralized FFN flowrate-pressure control law, which takes a proportional-integral (PI) form with saturation on the integral terms, is established. This newly-built control not only guarantees satisfactory closed-loop global stability but also has no need for the values of network hydraulic parameters. This adaptive control is then applied to the flowrate-pressure regulation of the secondary FFN of a two-modular nuclear-solar hybrid energy system and numerical simulation results show the feasibility and high performance of this network control strategy. Due to its concise form, this new flowrate-pressure FFN controller can be easily implemented practically. View Full-Text
Keywords: hybrid energy system; multi-modular energy system; fluid flow network; adaptive control hybrid energy system; multi-modular energy system; fluid flow network; adaptive control

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Dong, Z.; Pan, Y.; Zhang, Z.; Dong, Y.; Huang, X. Modeling and Control of Fluid Flow Networks with Application to a Nuclear-Solar Hybrid Plant. Energies 2017, 10, 1912.

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