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Energies 2017, 10(11), 1872; doi:10.3390/en10111872

Anti-Freezing Mechanism Analysis of a Finned Flat Tube in an Air-Cooled Condenser

Key Laboratory of Condition Monitoring and Control for Power Plant Equipment, North China Electric Power University, Ministry of Education, Beijing 102206, China
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 21 September 2017 / Revised: 8 November 2017 / Accepted: 9 November 2017 / Published: 15 November 2017
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In cold winter weather, the air-cooled condensers (ACCs) face serious freezing risks, especially with part load of the power generating unit. Therefore, it is of benefit to investigate the heat transfer process between the turbine exhaust steam and cooling air, by which the freezing mechanism of the finned tube bundles can be revealed. In this work, the flow and heat transfer models of the cooling air coupling with the circulating water, are developed and numerically simulated for the anti-freezing analysis on basis of the finned tube bundles of the condenser cell. The local air-side heat transfer coefficient, condensate film development, and non-condensable gas development are obtained and analyzed in detail. The results show that, the most freezing risk happens at the fin base due to the highest air-side cooling capacity, besides the windward velocity, ambient temperature and turbine back pressure all determine the freezing risk with the constant inlet flow rate of the non-condensable gas. Furthermore, increasing fin thickness and decreasing fan rotating speed are the most effective anti-freezing measures. Additionally, increasing turbine back pressure can also be adopted to avoid ACC freezing, however the adjustment of outlet steam-air flow is not recommended. View Full-Text
Keywords: finned flat tube; condensation; anti-freezing; critical anti-freezing outlet mixture flow finned flat tube; condensation; anti-freezing; critical anti-freezing outlet mixture flow

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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Guo, Y.; Cheng, T.; Du, X.; Yang, L. Anti-Freezing Mechanism Analysis of a Finned Flat Tube in an Air-Cooled Condenser. Energies 2017, 10, 1872.

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