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Energies 2017, 10(11), 1827; https://doi.org/10.3390/en10111827

Characteristic Analysis and Fault-Tolerant Control of Circulating Current for Modular Multilevel Converters under Sub-Module Faults

1
National Active Distribution Network Technology Research Center, Beijing Jiaotong University, Beijing 100044, China
2
Collaborative Innovation Center of Electric Vehicles, Beijing 100044, China
3
The Institute of Electrical Engineering Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Gabriele Grandi
Received: 5 September 2017 / Revised: 3 November 2017 / Accepted: 6 November 2017 / Published: 10 November 2017
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Abstract

A modular multilevel converter (MMC) is considered to be a promising topology for medium- or high-power applications. However, a significantly increased amount of sub-modules (SMs) in each arm also increase the risk of failures. Focusing on the fault-tolerant operation issue for the MMC under SM faults, the operation characteristics of MMC with different numbers of faulty SMs in the arms are analyzed and summarized in this paper. Based on the characteristics, a novel circulating current-suppressing (CCS) fault-tolerant control strategy comprised of a basic control unit (BCU) and virtual resistance compensation control unit (VRCCU) in two parts is proposed, which has three main features: (i) it can suppress the multi-different frequency components of the circulating current under different SM fault types simultaneously; (ii) it can help fast limiting of the transient fault current caused at the faulty SM bypassed moment; and (iii) it does not need extra communication systems to acquire the information of the number of faulty SMs. Moreover, by analyzing the stability performance of the proposed controller using the Root-Locus criterion, the election principle of the value of virtual resistance is revealed. Finally, the efficiency of the control strategy is confirmed with the simulation and experiment studies under different fault conditions. View Full-Text
Keywords: modular multilevel converter (MMC); circulating current; sub-module (SM) faults; characteristic analysis; fault-tolerant control modular multilevel converter (MMC); circulating current; sub-module (SM) faults; characteristic analysis; fault-tolerant control
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Wu, W.; Wu, X.; Yin, J.; Jing, L.; Wang, S.; Li, J. Characteristic Analysis and Fault-Tolerant Control of Circulating Current for Modular Multilevel Converters under Sub-Module Faults. Energies 2017, 10, 1827.

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