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Energies 2017, 10(11), 1750; doi:10.3390/en10111750

Alternative Diesel from Waste Plastics

Chemical Process & Energy Resources Institute, Centre for Research & Technology Hellas, 57001 Thermi-Thessaloniki, Greece
INSER SpA, 10121 Turin, Italy
School of Chemical Engineering, National Technical University of Athens, 15780 Athens, Greece
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 8 September 2017 / Revised: 20 October 2017 / Accepted: 20 October 2017 / Published: 31 October 2017
(This article belongs to the Section Energy Sources)
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The long term ambition of energy security and solidarity, coupled with the environmental concerns of problematic waste accumulation, is addressed via the proposed waste-to-fuel technology. Plastic waste is converted into automotive diesel fuel via a two-step thermochemical process based on pyrolysis and hydrotreatment. Plastic waste was pyrolyzed in a South East Asia plant rendering pyrolysis oil, which mostly consisted of middle-distillate (naphtha and diesel) hydrocarbons. The diesel fraction (170–370 °C) was fractionated, and its further upgrade was assessed in a hydroprocessing pilot plant at the Centre for Research and Technology Hellas (CERTH) in Greece. The final fuel was evaluated with respect to the diesel fuel quality specifications EN 590, which characterized it as a promising alternative diesel pool component with excellent ignition quality characteristics and low back end volatility. View Full-Text
Keywords: waste plastics; pyrolysis; hydrotreating; fuels; renewable diesel; waste-to-fuel waste plastics; pyrolysis; hydrotreating; fuels; renewable diesel; waste-to-fuel

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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Bezergianni, S.; Dimitriadis, A.; Faussone, G.-C.; Karonis, D. Alternative Diesel from Waste Plastics. Energies 2017, 10, 1750.

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