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Energies 2017, 10(10), 1655; https://doi.org/10.3390/en10101655

Noncontact Measurement and Detection of Instantaneous Seismic Attributes Based on Complementary Ensemble Empirical Mode Decomposition

1
School of Resources and Geosciences, China University of Mining and Technology, Xuzhou 221116, China
2
Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA
3
Key Laboratory of Coal Methane and Fire Control, Ministry of Education, China University of Mining and Technology, Xuzhou 221116, China
4
Center for Energy and Geo Processing (CeGP), Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, GA 30308, USA
5
Department of Electrical, Electronic & Computer Engineering, University of Pretoria, Pretoria 0002, South Africa
6
School of Mechatronics Engineering, China University of Mining and Technology, Xuzhou 221106, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 16 August 2017 / Revised: 3 October 2017 / Accepted: 17 October 2017 / Published: 19 October 2017
(This article belongs to the Section Energy Sources)
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Abstract

Hilbert–Huang transform (HHT) is a popular method to analyze nonlinear and non-stationary data. It has been widely used in geophysical prospecting. This paper analyzes the mode mixing problems of empirical mode decomposition (EMD) and introduces the noncontact measurement and detection of instantaneous seismic attributes using complementary ensemble empirical mode decomposition (CEEMD). Numerical simulation testing indicates that the CEEMD can effectively solve the mode mixing problems of EMD and can provide stronger anti-noise ability. The decomposed results of the synthetic seismic record show that CEEMD has a better ability to decompose seismic signals. Then, CEEMD is applied to extract instantaneous seismic attributes of 3D seismic data in a real-world coal mine in Inner Mongolia, China. The detection results demonstrate that instantaneous seismic attributes extracted by CEEMD are helpful to effectively identify the undulations of the top interfaces of limestone. View Full-Text
Keywords: seismic energy; instantaneous seismic attributes; Hilbert–Huang transform; complementary ensemble empirical mode decomposition seismic energy; instantaneous seismic attributes; Hilbert–Huang transform; complementary ensemble empirical mode decomposition
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Huang, Y.; Di, H.; Malekian, R.; Qi, X.; Li, Z. Noncontact Measurement and Detection of Instantaneous Seismic Attributes Based on Complementary Ensemble Empirical Mode Decomposition. Energies 2017, 10, 1655.

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