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Energies 2017, 10(1), 127; doi:10.3390/en10010127

Wind Profiles and Wave Spectra for Potential Wind Farms in South China Sea. Part II: Wave Spectrum Model

1,2
,
1
,
1,2
and
1,2,*
1
Division of Ocean Science and Technology, Graduate School at Shenzhen, Tsinghua University, Shenzhen 518055, China
2
School of Environment, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Frede Blaabjerg
Received: 1 October 2016 / Revised: 13 December 2016 / Accepted: 29 December 2016 / Published: 20 January 2017
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [4613 KB, uploaded 20 January 2017]   |  

Abstract

Along with the commercialization of offshore wind energy in China, the South China Sea has been identified as ideal for constructing offshore wind farms, especially for farms consisting of floating wind turbines over deep waters. Since the wind profiles and wave spectra are somewhat primitive for the design of an offshore wind turbine, engineering models describing the wind and wave characteristics in the South China Sea area are necessary for the offshore wind energy exploitation given the meteorological, hydrological, and geographical differences between the South China Sea and the North/Norwegian Sea, where the commonly used wind profile and wave spectrum models were designated. In the present study; a series of numerical simulations were conducted to reveal the wave characteristics in the South China Sea under both typhoon and non-typhoon conditions. By analyzing the simulation results; the applicability of the Joint North Sea Wave Project (JONSWAP) spectrum model; in terms of characterizing the wind-induced wave fields in the South China Sea; was discussed. In detail; the key parameters of the JONSWAP spectrum model; such as the Phillips constant; spectral width parameter; peak-enhancement factor, and high frequency tail decay; were investigated in the context of finding suitable values. View Full-Text
Keywords: offshore wind farm; Joint North Sea Wave Project (JONSWAP) spectrum model; South China Sea; simulating waves nearshore (SWAN) simulation offshore wind farm; Joint North Sea Wave Project (JONSWAP) spectrum model; South China Sea; simulating waves nearshore (SWAN) simulation
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Liu, Y.; Li, S.; Yi, Q.; Chen, D. Wind Profiles and Wave Spectra for Potential Wind Farms in South China Sea. Part II: Wave Spectrum Model. Energies 2017, 10, 127.

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