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Energies 2017, 10(1), 12; doi:10.3390/en10010012

A New Dynamic Injection System of Urea-Water Solution for a Vehicular Select Catalyst Reduction System

School of Mechanical Engineering, Beijing Institute of Technology, Beijing 100081, China
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Academic Editor: Evangelos G. Giakoumis
Received: 28 September 2016 / Revised: 4 December 2016 / Accepted: 9 December 2016 / Published: 23 December 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Automotive Engines Emissions and Control)
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Abstract

Since the Euro-ІІІ standard was adopted, the main methods to inhibit NOx production in diesel engines are exhaust gas recirculation (EGR) and select catalyst reduction (SCR). On these methods SCR offers great fuel economy, so it has received wide attention. However, there also exists a trade-off law between NOx conversion efficiency and NH3 slip under dynamic conditions. To inhibit NH3 slip with high NOx conversion efficiency, a dynamic control method for a urea water solution (UWS) injection was investigated. The variation phenomena of SCR conversion efficiency with respect to the cross-sensitivity characteristics of the NOx sensor to NH3 have been thoroughly analyzed. The methodology of “uncertain conversion efficiency curve tangent analysis” has been applied to estimate the concentration of the slipped NH3. The correction factor “φ” of UWS injection is obtained by a comparative calculation of the NOx conversion ability and subsequent NH3 slip. It also includes methods of flow compensation and flow reduction. The proposed control method has been authenticated under dynamic conditions. In low frequency dynamic experiments, this control method has accurately justified the NH3 slip process and inhibits the NH3 emission to a lower level thereby improving the conversion efficiency to a value closer to the target value. The results of European transient cycle (ETC) experiments indicate that NH3 emissions are reduced by 90.8% and the emission level of NOx is close to the Euro-Ѵ standard. View Full-Text
Keywords: select catalyst reduction (SCR); urea water solution (UWS); NH3 slip; dynamic correction select catalyst reduction (SCR); urea water solution (UWS); NH3 slip; dynamic correction
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Li, L.; Lin, W.; Zhang, Y. A New Dynamic Injection System of Urea-Water Solution for a Vehicular Select Catalyst Reduction System. Energies 2017, 10, 12.

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