Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2012, 9(7), 2386-2395; doi:10.3390/ijerph9072386
Article

Vitamin D Beliefs and Associations with Sunburns, Sun Exposure, and Sun Protection

Received: 30 April 2012; in revised form: 12 June 2012 / Accepted: 28 June 2012 / Published: 4 July 2012
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sunbathing Habits and Skin Cancer)
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Abstract: The main objective of this study was to examine certain beliefs about vitamin D and associations with sun exposure, sun protection behaviors, and sunburns. A total of 3,922 lifeguards, pool managers, and parents completed a survey in 2006 about beliefs regarding vitamin D and sun-related behaviors. Multivariate ordinal regression analyses and linear regression analysis were used to examine associations of beliefs and other variables. Results revealed that Non-Caucasian lifeguards and pool managers were less likely to agree that they needed to go out in the sun to get enough vitamin D. Lifeguards and parents who were non-Caucasian were less likely to report that sunlight helped the body to produce vitamin D. A stronger belief about the need to go out in the sun to get enough vitamin D predicted more sun exposure for lifeguards. For parents, a stronger belief that they can get enough vitamin D from foods predicted greater sun protection and a stronger belief that sunlight helps the body produce vitamin D predicted lower sun exposure. This study provides information regarding vitamin D beliefs and their association with certain sun related behaviors across different demographic groups that can inform education efforts about vitamin D and sun protection.
Keywords: sun exposure habits; vitamin D knowledge; sunscreen use; sun protection behavior
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MDPI and ACS Style

Kim, B.H.; Glanz, K.; Nehl, E.J. Vitamin D Beliefs and Associations with Sunburns, Sun Exposure, and Sun Protection. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2012, 9, 2386-2395.

AMA Style

Kim BH, Glanz K, Nehl EJ. Vitamin D Beliefs and Associations with Sunburns, Sun Exposure, and Sun Protection. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2012; 9(7):2386-2395.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Kim, Bang Hyun; Glanz, Karen; Nehl, Eric J. 2012. "Vitamin D Beliefs and Associations with Sunburns, Sun Exposure, and Sun Protection." Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 9, no. 7: 2386-2395.

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