Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2012, 9(7), 2386-2395; doi:10.3390/ijerph9072386
Article

Vitamin D Beliefs and Associations with Sunburns, Sun Exposure, and Sun Protection

1 Center for Health Behavior Research, Perelman School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, 110 Blockley Hall, 423 Guardian Ave., University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA 2 Emory Rollins School of Public Health, Emory University, 1518 Clifton Road NE, Atlanta, GA 30222, USA
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 30 April 2012; in revised form: 12 June 2012 / Accepted: 28 June 2012 / Published: 4 July 2012
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sunbathing Habits and Skin Cancer)
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Abstract: The main objective of this study was to examine certain beliefs about vitamin D and associations with sun exposure, sun protection behaviors, and sunburns. A total of 3,922 lifeguards, pool managers, and parents completed a survey in 2006 about beliefs regarding vitamin D and sun-related behaviors. Multivariate ordinal regression analyses and linear regression analysis were used to examine associations of beliefs and other variables. Results revealed that Non-Caucasian lifeguards and pool managers were less likely to agree that they needed to go out in the sun to get enough vitamin D. Lifeguards and parents who were non-Caucasian were less likely to report that sunlight helped the body to produce vitamin D. A stronger belief about the need to go out in the sun to get enough vitamin D predicted more sun exposure for lifeguards. For parents, a stronger belief that they can get enough vitamin D from foods predicted greater sun protection and a stronger belief that sunlight helps the body produce vitamin D predicted lower sun exposure. This study provides information regarding vitamin D beliefs and their association with certain sun related behaviors across different demographic groups that can inform education efforts about vitamin D and sun protection.
Keywords: sun exposure habits; vitamin D knowledge; sunscreen use; sun protection behavior

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MDPI and ACS Style

Kim, B.H.; Glanz, K.; Nehl, E.J. Vitamin D Beliefs and Associations with Sunburns, Sun Exposure, and Sun Protection. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2012, 9, 2386-2395.

AMA Style

Kim BH, Glanz K, Nehl EJ. Vitamin D Beliefs and Associations with Sunburns, Sun Exposure, and Sun Protection. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2012; 9(7):2386-2395.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Kim, Bang Hyun; Glanz, Karen; Nehl, Eric J. 2012. "Vitamin D Beliefs and Associations with Sunburns, Sun Exposure, and Sun Protection." Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 9, no. 7: 2386-2395.

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