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Health Risk Assessment for Cyanobacterial Toxins in Seafood
Department of Health, GPO Box 4541, Melbourne, Victoria 3000, Australia
Department of Epidemiology & Preventive Medicine, School of Public Health and Preventive Medicine, Monash University, Melbourne, Victoria 3004, Australia
Australian Centre for Human Health Risk Assessment, School of Public Health & Preventive Medicine, Monash University, Melbourne, Victoria 3004, Australia
Food Standards Australia New Zealand, 55 Blackall Street, Barton, ACT 2600, Australia
Australian Water Quality Centre, SA Water, GPO Box 1751, Adelaide, SA 5001, Australia
School of Public Health, Griffith University, Gold Coast Campus, Queensland 4222, Australia
Future Farming Systems Research Division, Department of Primary Industries, Queenscliff, Victoria 3225, Australia
Pharmacology, Medical Sciences, University of Adelaide, Adelaide, SA 5005, Australia
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 27 January 2012; in revised form: 17 February 2012 / Accepted: 24 February 2012 / Published: 7 March 2012
Abstract: Cyanobacteria (blue-green algae) are abundant in fresh, brackish and marine waters worldwide. When toxins produced by cyanobacteria are present in the aquatic environment, seafood harvested from these waters may present a health hazard to consumers. Toxicity hazards from seafood have been internationally recognised when the source is from marine algae (dinoflagellates and diatoms), but to date few risk assessments for cyanobacterial toxins in seafood have been presented. This paper estimates risk from seafood contaminated by cyanobacterial toxins, and provides guidelines for safe human consumption.
Keywords: cyanobacteria; blue-green algae; toxins; seafood safety; health guidelines
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MDPI and ACS Style
Mulvenna, V.; Dale, K.; Priestly, B.; Mueller, U.; Humpage, A.; Shaw, G.; Allinson, G.; Falconer, I. Health Risk Assessment for Cyanobacterial Toxins in Seafood. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2012, 9, 807-820.
Mulvenna V, Dale K, Priestly B, Mueller U, Humpage A, Shaw G, Allinson G, Falconer I. Health Risk Assessment for Cyanobacterial Toxins in Seafood. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2012; 9(3):807-820.
Mulvenna, Vanora; Dale, Katie; Priestly, Brian; Mueller, Utz; Humpage, Andrew; Shaw, Glen; Allinson, Graeme; Falconer, Ian. 2012. "Health Risk Assessment for Cyanobacterial Toxins in Seafood." Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 9, no. 3: 807-820.