Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2012, 9(2), 521-530; doi:10.3390/ijerph9020521
Article

Age, Gender and Suicidal Ideation Following Voluntary HIV Counseling and Testing

Received: 21 December 2011; in revised form: 26 January 2012 / Accepted: 6 February 2012 / Published: 10 February 2012
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Suicide Prevention and Public Health)
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Abstract: The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of suicidal ideation in patients who were tested for HIV-infection and whether along with their HIV status, age and gender influenced their risk for suicidal ideation. The sample consisted of 189 patients who attended a voluntary HIV counseling and testing clinic (VCT) at a general state hospital in Durban, South Africa. Their mean age at baseline was 34.2 years, with an age range of between 16–79 years. Seropositivity, age and gender were significantly associated with suicidal ideation. The majority of these patients were in the younger age group, and young males had a 1.8 times higher risk for suicidal ideation than females. Although risk factors for seropositive-related suicidal ideation can be complex and multi-factorial, this study identified a young age and male gender as important high risk factors in the sample studied. It is recommended that all, but especially young male HIV-infected patients seen at a VCT clinic be screened for suicidal ideation and that early intervention to prevent subsequent suicides or suicidal attempts be included in pre- and post-test HIV counseling.
Keywords: age; gender; HIV-test results; suicidal ideation; voluntary counseling and testing
PDF Full-text Download PDF Full-Text [261 KB, uploaded 19 June 2014 02:59 CEST]

Export to BibTeX |
EndNote


MDPI and ACS Style

Schlebusch, L.; Govender, R.D. Age, Gender and Suicidal Ideation Following Voluntary HIV Counseling and Testing. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2012, 9, 521-530.

AMA Style

Schlebusch L, Govender RD. Age, Gender and Suicidal Ideation Following Voluntary HIV Counseling and Testing. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2012; 9(2):521-530.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Schlebusch, Lourens; Govender, Romona Devi. 2012. "Age, Gender and Suicidal Ideation Following Voluntary HIV Counseling and Testing." Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 9, no. 2: 521-530.

Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health EISSN 1660-4601 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert