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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2012, 9(2), 462-473; doi:10.3390/ijerph9020462

Suicidal Ideation and Associated Factors among School-Going Adolescents in Thailand

1
HIV/AIDS/STI and TB (HAST), Human Sciences Research Council, Private Bag X41, Pretoria 0001, South Africa
2
Department of Psychology, University of Limpopo, Turfloop Campus, Private Bag X1106, Sovenga 0727, South Africa
3
Department of Health System Management and Policy, University of Limpopo, Medunsa Campus, P.O. Box 197, Medunsa 0204, South Africa
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 21 December 2011 / Revised: 11 January 2012 / Accepted: 21 January 2012 / Published: 31 January 2012
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Suicide Prevention and Public Health)
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Abstract

The aim of this study was to estimate the prevalence and identify associations between suicidal ideation and indicators of psychosocial distress and social-environmental factors in Thai adolescents. Using data from the Thailand Global School-Based Student Health Survey (GSHS) 2008, we assessed the prevalence of suicidal ideation and its associated factors among adolescents (N = 2,758). Overall the prevalence of suicidal ideation in the past 12 months was 8.8% (9.9% males and 7.7% females). Variables influenced the suicidal ideation in multivariable analysis were sadness (Odds Ratio = OR: 6.03; 95% Confidence Interval = CI (3.00–12.14), lack of parental attachment (OR = 2.26, CI = 1.09–4.67), current alcohol use (OR = 2.32, 1.21–4.44), and ever having had sexual intercourse (OR = 4.16, CI = 3.40–7.68). Psychosocial, health-risk behaviours and lack of protective factors appear to effect suicidal ideation in this youth population.
Keywords: suicidal ideation; psychosocial distress; social-environmental factors; substance use; adolescent health; Thailand suicidal ideation; psychosocial distress; social-environmental factors; substance use; adolescent health; Thailand
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

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Peltzer, K.; Pengpid, S. Suicidal Ideation and Associated Factors among School-Going Adolescents in Thailand. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2012, 9, 462-473.

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