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A Study of the Health-Related Quality of Life and Work-Related Stress of White-Collar Migrant Workers
Department of Health Management, I-Shou University, Kaohsiung, No. 8, Yida Road., Yanchao Township, Kaohsiung Country 824, Taiwan
Received: 23 July 2012; in revised form: 26 September 2012 / Accepted: 15 October 2012 / Published: 19 October 2012
Abstract: Little is known about the health-related quality of life (HRQoL) and work-related stress and its risk factors among white-collar businessmen and management workers that migrate to high-income developing countries. A structural questionnaire survey was administered to 156 white-collar Taiwanese management personnel of representative companies of their industries in Taiwan, who were assigned long-term job positions in China. Questionnaire content included demographics and medical history, self-reported physical and mental conditions, personal lifestyle and behavior, Beck Depression Inventory, and information on HRQoL. White-collar migrant workers reported a high prevalence of alcohol consumption (72.4%) and perceived work-related stress (62.2%), and a lower prevalence of regular exercise (12.2%). Workers with higher levels of perceived work-related stress reported more alcohol consumption, a history of hyperlipidemia, and a higher prevalence of self-reported neck pain, poor sleep, and mild/moderate/severe depression. In our primary multivariate risk model to determine lifestyle and work-related stress variables and HRQoL, perceived work-related stress and a feeling of depression negatively impacted both the Physical Component Summary (PCS) and Mental Component Summary (MCS) scores of the SF-36 health survey. Hyperlipidemia and self-reported neck pain were associated with significantly lower PCS scores, whereas cardiovascular disease, gastric ulcer, and poor sleep were associated with statistically lower MCS scores. White-collar migrant workers are generally younger with high socioeconomic status. Perceived work-related stress and a feeling of depression indirectly affect HRQoL. Hyperlipidemia, self-reported neck pain, cardiovascular disease, gastric ulcer, and poor sleep also had a significant negative impact on HRQoL.
Keywords: white-collar worker; work-related stress; health-related quality of life; migrant worker
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Tsai, S.-Y. A Study of the Health-Related Quality of Life and Work-Related Stress of White-Collar Migrant Workers. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2012, 9, 3740-3754.
Tsai S-Y. A Study of the Health-Related Quality of Life and Work-Related Stress of White-Collar Migrant Workers. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2012; 9(10):3740-3754.
Tsai, Su-Ying. 2012. "A Study of the Health-Related Quality of Life and Work-Related Stress of White-Collar Migrant Workers." Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 9, no. 10: 3740-3754.