Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2011, 8(8), 3156-3178; doi:10.3390/ijerph8083156
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Detection, Emission Estimation and Risk Prediction of Forest Fires in China Using Satellite Sensors and Simulation Models in the Past Three Decades—An Overview

1 Chinese Academy of Meteorological Sciences, 46 Zhongguancun Nandajie, Beijing 100081, China 2 Center for Earth Observation and Digital Earth, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 9 Dengzhuang South Road, Beijing 100094, China 3 College of Earth Sciences, The Graduate University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, 19 Yuquan Road, Beijing 100049, China 4 National Satellite Meteorological Center, 46 Zhongguancun Nandajie, Beijing 100081, China 5 U.S. Geological Survey, Center for Earth Resources Observation and Science, Sioux Falls, SD 57198, USA 6 Department of Geography and Earth Science, University of Nebraska at Kearney, 905 West 25th Street, Kearney, NE 68849, USA
* Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 4 April 2011; in revised form: 29 June 2011 / Accepted: 13 July 2011 / Published: 28 July 2011
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Advances in Earth System Science)
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Abstract: Forest fires have major impact on ecosystems and greatly impact the amount of greenhouse gases and aerosols in the atmosphere. This paper presents an overview in the forest fire detection, emission estimation, and fire risk prediction in China using satellite imagery, climate data, and various simulation models over the past three decades. Since the 1980s, remotely-sensed data acquired by many satellites, such as NOAA/AVHRR, FY-series, MODIS, CBERS, and ENVISAT, have been widely utilized for detecting forest fire hot spots and burned areas in China. Some developed algorithms have been utilized for detecting the forest fire hot spots at a sub-pixel level. With respect to modeling the forest burning emission, a remote sensing data-driven Net Primary productivity (NPP) estimation model was developed for estimating forest biomass and fuel. In order to improve the forest fire risk modeling in China, real-time meteorological data, such as surface temperature, relative humidity, wind speed and direction,have been used as the model input for improving prediction of forest fire occurrence and its behavior. Shortwave infrared (SWIR) and near infrared (NIR) channels of satellite sensors have been employed for detecting live fuel moisture content (FMC), and the Normalized Difference Water Index (NDWI) was used for evaluating the forest vegetation condition and its moisture status.
Keywords: forest fire detection; fire emission estimation; forest fire risk model; satellite remote sensing; China

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MDPI and ACS Style

Zhang, J.-H.; Yao, F.-M.; Liu, C.; Yang, L.-M.; Boken, V.K. Detection, Emission Estimation and Risk Prediction of Forest Fires in China Using Satellite Sensors and Simulation Models in the Past Three Decades—An Overview. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2011, 8, 3156-3178.

AMA Style

Zhang J-H, Yao F-M, Liu C, Yang L-M, Boken VK. Detection, Emission Estimation and Risk Prediction of Forest Fires in China Using Satellite Sensors and Simulation Models in the Past Three Decades—An Overview. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2011; 8(8):3156-3178.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Zhang, Jia-Hua; Yao, Feng-Mei; Liu, Cheng; Yang, Li-Min; Boken, Vijendra K. 2011. "Detection, Emission Estimation and Risk Prediction of Forest Fires in China Using Satellite Sensors and Simulation Models in the Past Three Decades—An Overview." Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 8, no. 8: 3156-3178.

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