Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2011, 8(5), 1296-1307; doi:10.3390/ijerph8051296
Article

Receiving an Alcohol Enquiry from a Physician in Routine Health Care in Sweden: A Population-Based Study of Gender Differences and Predictors

1 Centre for Social Research on Alcohol and Drugs, SoRAD, Stockholm University, SE-106 91 Stockholm, Sweden 2 Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Linköping University, SE-581 83 Linköping, Sweden
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 6 March 2011; in revised form: 7 April 2011 / Accepted: 19 April 2011 / Published: 27 April 2011
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Alcohol and Public Health)
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Abstract: Research has shown that the provision of brief interventions in the health care system is effective for reducing hazardous drinking. Using a telephone-administered questionnaire, this study provides a population-based investigation on the extent to which physicians address patients’ alcohol habits in the Swedish health care system, whether there are gender differences in the extent to which patients receive questions about alcohol, and predictors for receiving such questions. Data were obtained from monthly telephone surveys with around 72,000 people in 2006–2009. Having received an alcohol enquiry was defined as having been asked about one’s drinking habits by a physician in any health care visit in the last 12 months. Fourteen percent of the total population had received an alcohol enquiry, but there were considerable gender differences: for hazardous drinkers, 13% of the women and 17% of the men had received an alcohol enquiry; among those with sensible alcohol consumption, 10% of women and 15% of men had received an alcohol enquiry. Patients were more likely to have received an alcohol enquiry if they had self-reported alcohol-related problems, were hazardous drinkers and/or daily smokers. Some of the alcohol enquiry predictors differed by gender; social class was an important predictor for women but not for men.
Keywords: alcohol enquiry; health care; gender; hazardous drinking; alcohol-related problems; social class

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MDPI and ACS Style

Engdahl, B.; Nilsen, P. Receiving an Alcohol Enquiry from a Physician in Routine Health Care in Sweden: A Population-Based Study of Gender Differences and Predictors. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2011, 8, 1296-1307.

AMA Style

Engdahl B, Nilsen P. Receiving an Alcohol Enquiry from a Physician in Routine Health Care in Sweden: A Population-Based Study of Gender Differences and Predictors. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2011; 8(5):1296-1307.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Engdahl, Barbro; Nilsen, Per. 2011. "Receiving an Alcohol Enquiry from a Physician in Routine Health Care in Sweden: A Population-Based Study of Gender Differences and Predictors." Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 8, no. 5: 1296-1307.

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