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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2011, 8(2), 456-469; doi:10.3390/ijerph8020456
Review

Filamentous Fungi in Drinking Water, Particularly in Relation to Biofilm Formation

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Received: 30 December 2010; in revised form: 25 January 2011 / Accepted: 25 January 2011 / Published: 9 February 2011
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Drinking Water and Health)
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Abstract: The presence of filamentous fungi in drinking water has become an area worthy of investigation with various studies now being published. The problems associated with fungi include blockage of water pipes, organoleptic deterioration, pathogenic fungi and mycotoxins. Fungal biofilm formation is a less developed field of study. This paper updates the topic and introduces novel methods on fungal biofilm analysis, particularly from work based in Brazil. Further recommendations for standard methodology are provided.
Keywords: fungal biofilms; drinking water; contaminants; filamentous fungi; water distribution system fungal biofilms; drinking water; contaminants; filamentous fungi; water distribution system
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Siqueira, V.M.; Oliveira, H.M.B.; Santos, C.; Paterson, R.R.M.; Gusmão, N.B.; Lima, N. Filamentous Fungi in Drinking Water, Particularly in Relation to Biofilm Formation. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2011, 8, 456-469.

AMA Style

Siqueira VM, Oliveira HMB, Santos C, Paterson RRM, Gusmão NB, Lima N. Filamentous Fungi in Drinking Water, Particularly in Relation to Biofilm Formation. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2011; 8(2):456-469.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Siqueira, Virgínia M.; Oliveira, Helena M.B.; Santos, Cledir; Paterson, R. Russell M.; Gusmão, Norma B.; Lima, Nelson. 2011. "Filamentous Fungi in Drinking Water, Particularly in Relation to Biofilm Formation." Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 8, no. 2: 456-469.



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