Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2011, 8(10), 4025-4038; doi:10.3390/ijerph8104025
Editorial

Considering the Definition of Addiction

Received: 21 September 2011; Accepted: 17 October 2011 / Published: 20 October 2011
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Substance and Behavioral Addictions: Co-Occurrence and Specificity)
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Abstract: The definition of addiction is explored. Elements of addiction derived from a literature search that uncovered 52 studies include: (a) engagement in the behavior to achieve appetitive effects, (b) preoccupation with the behavior, (c) temporary satiation, (d) loss of control, and (e) suffering negative consequences. Differences from compulsions are suggested. While there is some debate on what is intended by the elements of addictive behavior, we conclude that these five constituents provide a reasonable understanding of what is intended by the concept. Conceptual challenges for future research are mentioned.
Keywords: definition; addiction
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MDPI and ACS Style

Sussman, S.; Sussman, A.N. Considering the Definition of Addiction. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2011, 8, 4025-4038.

AMA Style

Sussman S, Sussman AN. Considering the Definition of Addiction. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2011; 8(10):4025-4038.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Sussman, Steve; Sussman, Alan N. 2011. "Considering the Definition of Addiction." Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 8, no. 10: 4025-4038.

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