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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2011, 8(1), 37-50; doi:10.3390/ijerph8010037
Article

Forage as a Primary Source of Mycotoxins in Animal Diets

1,* , 2
,
1
,
1
,
2
 and
3
1 Faculty of Agronomy, Mendel University in Brno, Zemedelska 1, CZ-613 00 Brno, Czech Republic 2 Agriculture Research, Ltd. Troubsko, Zahradní 1, CZ-664 41 Troubsko, Czech Republic 3 University of Jan Evangelista Purkyně in Ústí nad Labem, Hoření Street 13, CZ-400 96 Ústí nad Labem, Czech Republic
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 10 November 2010 / Revised: 17 December 2010 / Accepted: 24 December 2010 / Published: 28 December 2010
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Advances in Environmental Biology)
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Abstract

The issue of moulds and, thus, contamination with mycotoxins is very topical, particularly in connexion with forages from grass stands used at the end of the growing season. Deoxynivalenol (DON), zearalenone (ZEA), fumonisins (FUM) and aflatoxins (AFL) are among the most common mycotoxins. The aim of the paper was to determine concentrations of mycotoxins in selected grasses (Lolium perenne, Festulolium pabulare, Festulolium braunii) and their mixtures with Festuca rubra an/or Poa pratensis during the growing season as a marker of grass safety, which was assessed according to content of the aforementioned mycotoxins. During the growing season grass forage was contaminated with mycotoxins, most of all by DON and ZEA. The contents of AFL and FUM were zero or below the limit of quantification. Moreover, the level of the occurrence of mould was quantified as ergosterol content, which was higher at the specific date of cut. All results were statistically processed and significant changes were discussed.
Keywords: mycotoxins; deoxynivalenol; zearalenone; fumonisins; aflatoxins; forage; grass; contamination mycotoxins; deoxynivalenol; zearalenone; fumonisins; aflatoxins; forage; grass; contamination
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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Skládanka, J.; Nedělník, J.; Adam, V.; Doležal, P.; Moravcová, H.; Dohnal, V. Forage as a Primary Source of Mycotoxins in Animal Diets. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2011, 8, 37-50.

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