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Fluoride Consumption and Its Impact on Oral Health
Laboratorio de Inmunología, División de Estudios de Posgrado e Investigación, Facultad de Odontología, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Mexico City, DF, C.P. 04510, Mexico
Facultad de Estudios Superiores-Zaragoza, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Mexico City, DF, C.P. 09230, Mexico
Departamento de Salud Pública Bucal, División de Estudios Profesionales, Facultad de Odontología, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Mexico City, DF, C.P. 04510, Mexico
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 17 December 2010; Accepted: 22 December 2010 / Published: 19 January 2011
Abstract: Objective. The purpose of this study was to evaluate caries and dental fluorosis among Mexican preschoolers and school-aged children in a non-endemic zone for fluorosis and to measure its biological indicators. Methods. DMFT, DMFS, dmft, dmfs, and CDI indexes were applied. Fluoride urinary excretion and fluoride concentrations in home water, table salt, bottled water, bottled drinks, and toothpaste were determined. Results. Schoolchildren presented fluorosis (CDI = 0.96) and dental caries (DMFT = 2.64 and DMFS = 3.97). Preschoolers presented dmft = 4.85 and dmfs = 8.80. DMFT and DMFS were lower in children with mild to moderate dental fluorosis (DF). Variable fluoride concentrations were found in the analyzed products (home water = 0.18–0.44 ppm F, table salt = 0–485 ppm F, bottled water = 0.18–0.47 ppm F, juices = 0.08–1.42 ppm F, nectars = 0.07–1.30 ppm F, bottled drinks = 0.10–1.70 ppm F, toothpaste = 0–2,053 ppm F). Mean daily fluoride excretion was 422 ± 176 µg/24 h for schoolchildren and 367 ± 150 µg/24 h for preschoolers. Conclusions. Data from our study show that, despite values of excretion within an optimal fluoride intake range, the prevalence of caries was significant in both groups, and 60% of the 11- to 12-year-old children presented with dental fluorosis. In addition, variable fluoride concentrations in products frequently consumed by children were found.
Keywords: dental fluorosis; dental caries; fluoride urinary excretion
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Jiménez-Farfán, M.D.; Hernández-Guerrero, J.C.; Juárez-López, L.A.; Jacinto-Alemán, L.F.; De la Fuente-Hernández, J. Fluoride Consumption and Its Impact on Oral Health. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2011, 8, 148-160.
Jiménez-Farfán MD, Hernández-Guerrero JC, Juárez-López LA, Jacinto-Alemán LF, De la Fuente-Hernández J. Fluoride Consumption and Its Impact on Oral Health. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2011; 8(1):148-160.
Jiménez-Farfán, María Dolores; Hernández-Guerrero, Juan Carlos; Juárez-López, Lilia Adriana; Jacinto-Alemán, Luis Fernando; De la Fuente-Hernández, Javier. 2011. "Fluoride Consumption and Its Impact on Oral Health." Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 8, no. 1: 148-160.