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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2011, 8(1), 148-160; doi:10.3390/ijerph8010148

Fluoride Consumption and Its Impact on Oral Health

1,* , 2
Received: 17 December 2010 / Accepted: 22 December 2010 / Published: 19 January 2011
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Objective. The purpose of this study was to evaluate caries and dental fluorosis among Mexican preschoolers and school-aged children in a non-endemic zone for fluorosis and to measure its biological indicators. Methods. DMFT, DMFS, dmft, dmfs, and CDI indexes were applied. Fluoride urinary excretion and fluoride concentrations in home water, table salt, bottled water, bottled drinks, and toothpaste were determined. Results. Schoolchildren presented fluorosis (CDI = 0.96) and dental caries (DMFT = 2.64 and DMFS = 3.97). Preschoolers presented dmft = 4.85 and dmfs = 8.80. DMFT and DMFS were lower in children with mild to moderate dental fluorosis (DF). Variable fluoride concentrations were found in the analyzed products (home water = 0.18–0.44 ppm F, table salt = 0–485 ppm F, bottled water = 0.18–0.47 ppm F, juices = 0.08–1.42 ppm F, nectars = 0.07–1.30 ppm F, bottled drinks = 0.10–1.70 ppm F, toothpaste = 0–2,053 ppm F). Mean daily fluoride excretion was 422 ± 176 µg/24 h for schoolchildren and 367 ± 150 µg/24 h for preschoolers. Conclusions. Data from our study show that, despite values of excretion within an optimal fluoride intake range, the prevalence of caries was significant in both groups, and 60% of the 11- to 12-year-old children presented with dental fluorosis. In addition, variable fluoride concentrations in products frequently consumed by children were found.
Keywords: dental fluorosis; dental caries; fluoride urinary excretion dental fluorosis; dental caries; fluoride urinary excretion
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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Jiménez-Farfán, M.D.; Hernández-Guerrero, J.C.; Juárez-López, L.A.; Jacinto-Alemán, L.F.; De la Fuente-Hernández, J. Fluoride Consumption and Its Impact on Oral Health. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2011, 8, 148-160.

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