- freely available
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2010, 7(6), 2726-2744; doi:10.3390/ijerph7062726
1. General Background
1.1. Overweight and Obesity—A Worldwide Accelerating Public Health Problem
1.2. Increasing Prevalence of Obesity in Low-and Middle-Income Countries
1.3. Sociodemographic Profile of Nepal
1.4. Altered Lifestyle through Demographic Changes
1.5. Disease Burden and the Rise of Noncommunicable Disease
2. Available Obesity Research in Nepal
2.1. Few Studies Address Obesity
2.2. General and Central Obesity in the Nepalese Population
2.3. Obesity and Demographic Variations Including Gender and Ethnicity
2.4. Obesity and Urbanization
3. Threats and Challenges for Nepal
3.1. Insufficient Focus on Noncommunicable Diseases
3.2. Inadequate Health Literacy
3.3. Gap between Researchers and Community
3.4. Cure-Centered Public Health Policy and Programmes
3.5. Unorganized Noncommunicable Diseases’ Prevention Strategies
4. Possibilities and Suggested Future Directions
4.1. Prioritize Health Education
4.2. Modify the Increasingly Obesogenic Environment
4.3. Improve Health Management
4.4. Increase Access to Drugs and Health Care
4.5. Preventive Measures beyond the Already Affected
4.6. Establish Health Demographic Surveillance Sites
4.7. Community Involvement in Research Efforts
4.8. Increase Awareness of Research Funding Bodies
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|Year [ref.]||Place||Rural/Urban||Location||Age (years)||Gender||Sample size||Measurement||Prevalence (%)|
|1983 ||Kathmandu||Urban||Valley||>20||Both||-||Broca’s Index||24.3|
|1998 ||Both||Varying altitude||-||Females||365||BMI||-|
|2003 ||Kathmandu||Urban||Valley||25–64||Males||1010||BMI >25; >30||24.75/1.98|
|Females||1020||BMI >25; >30||31.22;10.14|
|2004 ||Dharan||Urban||Hill||>35||Males||1000||BMI >25; >30; WHR (>0.90)||32.9;7.2; 51.2|
|2005 ||Lalitpur||Urban||Valley||25–64||Both||-||BMI >25; >30||20.9; 0.4|
|Ilam||Rural||Mountain||25–64||Both||-||BMI >25; >30||11.8;1.2|
|Tahaun||Rural||Hill||25–64||Both||-||BMI >25; >30||20.2; 4.3|
|2008 ||Kathmandu||Urban||Valley||21–57||Both||341||BMI (>25)||33.4|
|Overweight (25–29.99 kg/m2) (%)||Obese (≥ 30 kg/m2) (%)||Increased Waist Hip Ratio (>0.90) (%)|
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