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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2010, 7(5), 2309-2324; doi:10.3390/ijerph7052309
Article

Built Environmental Correlates of Walking and Cycling in Dutch Urban Children: Results from the SPACE Study

1,2,* , 1,2
, 1,2
, 3
 and 2,3
1 Department of Health Promotion, TNO Quality of Life, Wassenaarseweg 56, 2301 CE Leiden, The Netherlands 2 Body@Work TNO VUmc,, EMGO Institute for Health and Care Research, VU University Medical Center, Van der Boechorststraat 7, 1081 BT Amsterdam, The Netherlands 3 Department of Public & Occupational Health, EMGO Institute for Health and Care Research, VU University Medical Center, Van der Boechorststraat 7, 1081 BT Amsterdam, The Netherlands
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 26 February 2010 / Revised: 28 April 2010 / Accepted: 30 April 2010 / Published: 6 May 2010
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Abstract

This study examined built environmental correlates of children’s walking and cycling behavior. Four hundred and forty-eight children from 10 Dutch neighborhoods completed a seven-day physical activity diary in which the number of walking and cycling trips for transportation, to school, and for recreation were assessed. The associations between observed built environmental characteristics and children’s walking and cycling behavior were examined with multivariate linear regression analyses. The results showed that built environmental correlates of children’s walking and cycling behavior differ by purpose and by commuting mode implying a behavior-specific approach for interventions and for future, preferably prospective, studies.
Keywords: walking; bicycling; physical activity; urban design; infrastructure; child; linear regression walking; bicycling; physical activity; urban design; infrastructure; child; linear regression
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

De Vries, S.I.; Hopman-Rock, M.; Bakker, I.; Hirasing, R.A.; Van Mechelen, W. Built Environmental Correlates of Walking and Cycling in Dutch Urban Children: Results from the SPACE Study. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2010, 7, 2309-2324.

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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health EISSN 1660-4601 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert