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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2010, 7(5), 1901-1912; doi:10.3390/ijerph7051901
Article

Alcohol Taxes and Birth Outcomes

Department of Community and Preventive Medicine, The University of Rochester School of Medicine and Dentistry, 601 Elmwood Ave, Box 644, Rochester, NY 14642, USA
Received: 1 March 2010 / Revised: 12 April 2010 / Accepted: 21 April 2010 / Published: 27 April 2010
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Health Economics)
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Abstract

This study examines the relationships between alcohol taxation, drinking during pregnancy, and infant health. Merged data from the US Natality Detailed Files, as well as the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (1985–2002), data regarding state taxes on beer, wine, and liquor, a state- and year-fixed-effect reduced-form regression were used. Results indicate that a one-cent ($0.01) increase in beer taxes decreased the incidence of low-birth-weight by about 1–2 percentage points. The binge drinking participation tax elasticity is −2.5 for beer and wine taxes and −9 for liquor taxes. These results demonstrate the potential intergenerational impact of increasing alcohol taxes.
Keywords: alcohol taxes; infant health; low birth weight; APGAR Score alcohol taxes; infant health; low birth weight; APGAR Score
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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Zhang, N. Alcohol Taxes and Birth Outcomes. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2010, 7, 1901-1912.

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