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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2010, 7(3), 966-974; doi:10.3390/ijerph7030966
Article

Excessive Exposure to Secondhand Tobacco Smoke among Hospitality Workers in Kyrgyzstan

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Received: 30 November 2009; in revised form: 21 February 2010 / Accepted: 22 February 2010 / Published: 10 March 2010
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Abstract: The aim of this study was to assess the levels of secondhand smoke (SHS) exposure of men and women in public places in Kyrgyzstan. This cross-sectional study involved 10 bars and restaurants in Bishkek the capital city of Kyrgyzstan. Smoking was allowed in all establishments. Median (interquartile range) air nicotine concentrations were 6.82 (2.89, 8.86) μg/m3. Employees were asked about their smoking history and exposure to SHS at work. Employees were exposed to SHS for mean (SD) 13.5 (3.6) hours a day and 5.8 (1.4) days a week. Women were exposed to more hours of SHS at work compared to men. Hospitality workers are exposed to excessive amounts of SHS from customers. Legislation to ban smoking in public places including bars and restaurants is urgently needed to protect workers and patrons from the harmful effects of SHS.
Keywords: passive smoking; public health policy; workplace passive smoking; public health policy; workplace
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Vinnikov, D.; Brimkulov, N.; Shahrir, S.; Breysse, P.; Navas-Acien, A. Excessive Exposure to Secondhand Tobacco Smoke among Hospitality Workers in Kyrgyzstan. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2010, 7, 966-974.

AMA Style

Vinnikov D, Brimkulov N, Shahrir S, Breysse P, Navas-Acien A. Excessive Exposure to Secondhand Tobacco Smoke among Hospitality Workers in Kyrgyzstan. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2010; 7(3):966-974.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Vinnikov, Denis; Brimkulov, Nurlan; Shahrir, Shahida; Breysse, Patrick; Navas-Acien, Ana. 2010. "Excessive Exposure to Secondhand Tobacco Smoke among Hospitality Workers in Kyrgyzstan." Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 7, no. 3: 966-974.


Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health EISSN 1660-4601 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert