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Excessive Exposure to Secondhand Tobacco Smoke among Hospitality Workers in Kyrgyzstan
Public Association “Lung Health”, Togolok Moldo Street, 1, Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan
Department of Environmental Health Sciences and Institute for Global Tobacco Control, John Hopkins University, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD, USA
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 30 November 2009; in revised form: 21 February 2010 / Accepted: 22 February 2010 / Published: 10 March 2010
Abstract: The aim of this study was to assess the levels of secondhand smoke (SHS) exposure of men and women in public places in Kyrgyzstan. This cross-sectional study involved 10 bars and restaurants in Bishkek the capital city of Kyrgyzstan. Smoking was allowed in all establishments. Median (interquartile range) air nicotine concentrations were 6.82 (2.89, 8.86) μg/m3. Employees were asked about their smoking history and exposure to SHS at work. Employees were exposed to SHS for mean (SD) 13.5 (3.6) hours a day and 5.8 (1.4) days a week. Women were exposed to more hours of SHS at work compared to men. Hospitality workers are exposed to excessive amounts of SHS from customers. Legislation to ban smoking in public places including bars and restaurants is urgently needed to protect workers and patrons from the harmful effects of SHS.
Keywords: passive smoking; public health policy; workplace
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MDPI and ACS Style
Vinnikov, D.; Brimkulov, N.; Shahrir, S.; Breysse, P.; Navas-Acien, A. Excessive Exposure to Secondhand Tobacco Smoke among Hospitality Workers in Kyrgyzstan. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2010, 7, 966-974.
Vinnikov D, Brimkulov N, Shahrir S, Breysse P, Navas-Acien A. Excessive Exposure to Secondhand Tobacco Smoke among Hospitality Workers in Kyrgyzstan. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2010; 7(3):966-974.
Vinnikov, Denis; Brimkulov, Nurlan; Shahrir, Shahida; Breysse, Patrick; Navas-Acien, Ana. 2010. "Excessive Exposure to Secondhand Tobacco Smoke among Hospitality Workers in Kyrgyzstan." Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 7, no. 3: 966-974.