Excessive Exposure to Secondhand Tobacco Smoke among Hospitality Workers in Kyrgyzstan
AbstractThe aim of this study was to assess the levels of secondhand smoke (SHS) exposure of men and women in public places in Kyrgyzstan. This cross-sectional study involved 10 bars and restaurants in Bishkek the capital city of Kyrgyzstan. Smoking was allowed in all establishments. Median (interquartile range) air nicotine concentrations were 6.82 (2.89, 8.86) μg/m3. Employees were asked about their smoking history and exposure to SHS at work. Employees were exposed to SHS for mean (SD) 13.5 (3.6) hours a day and 5.8 (1.4) days a week. Women were exposed to more hours of SHS at work compared to men. Hospitality workers are exposed to excessive amounts of SHS from customers. Legislation to ban smoking in public places including bars and restaurants is urgently needed to protect workers and patrons from the harmful effects of SHS.
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Vinnikov, D.; Brimkulov, N.; Shahrir, S.; Breysse, P.; Navas-Acien, A. Excessive Exposure to Secondhand Tobacco Smoke among Hospitality Workers in Kyrgyzstan. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2010, 7, 966-974.
Vinnikov D, Brimkulov N, Shahrir S, Breysse P, Navas-Acien A. Excessive Exposure to Secondhand Tobacco Smoke among Hospitality Workers in Kyrgyzstan. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2010; 7(3):966-974.Chicago/Turabian Style
Vinnikov, Denis; Brimkulov, Nurlan; Shahrir, Shahida; Breysse, Patrick; Navas-Acien, Ana. 2010. "Excessive Exposure to Secondhand Tobacco Smoke among Hospitality Workers in Kyrgyzstan." Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 7, no. 3: 966-974.