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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2010, 7(3), 751-764; doi:10.3390/ijerph7030751
Article

Smoking Behavior among Coronary Heart Disease Patients in Jordan: A Model from a Developing Country

1
, 2,*  and 3
Received: 31 December 2009; Accepted: 23 February 2010 / Published: 26 February 2010
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Abstract: The purpose of this study was to compare the frequency of cigarette smoking before and after diagnosis of Coronary Heart Disease (CHD), detect the reasons that discourage quitting smoking and resources of advice about quitting, and investigate the relationship between smoking behaviors and demographic variables. A convenient sample of 300 CHD patients from cardiac outpatient clinics participated. Before disease occurrence, nonsmokers composed 40% of all participants, former smokers 11.7%, and current smokers 48.3%. Surprisingly, after disease occurrence only 29.7% of the patients quit smoking, while 60.7% continued smoking, and 9.6% relapsed. The most frequent reasons given by smokers for not quitting smoking were "do not incline to stop smoking" (25.6%) and “craving for a cigarette” (25%). Doctors were cited most frequently as the reason individuals quit smoking (19.0%). The Jordanian health care system needs to implement systematic intensive smoking cessation programs to maintain and promote CHD patients' motivation to quit smoking.
Keywords: Smoking cessation; coronary heart disease; quitter smoker; persistent smoker; Jordan Smoking cessation; coronary heart disease; quitter smoker; persistent smoker; Jordan
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Abu-Baker, N.N.; Haddad, L.; Mayyas, O. Smoking Behavior among Coronary Heart Disease Patients in Jordan: A Model from a Developing Country. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2010, 7, 751-764.

AMA Style

Abu-Baker NN, Haddad L, Mayyas O. Smoking Behavior among Coronary Heart Disease Patients in Jordan: A Model from a Developing Country. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2010; 7(3):751-764.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Abu-Baker, Nesrin N.; Haddad, Linda; Mayyas, Omar. 2010. "Smoking Behavior among Coronary Heart Disease Patients in Jordan: A Model from a Developing Country." Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 7, no. 3: 751-764.


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