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Racial/Ethnic Differences in Perceived Smoking Prevalence: Evidence from a National Survey of Teens
RTI International, 3040 Cornwallis Road, Research Triangle Park, NC 277009, USA
American Legacy Foundation, 1724 Massachusetts Avenue, NW, Washington, DC 20036, USA
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 4 November 2010; in revised form: 26 November 2010 / Accepted: 1 December 2010 / Published: 2 December 2010
Abstract: Prior studies show that perceived smoking prevalence is a significant predictor of smoking initiation. In this study, we examine racial/ethnic differences in perceived smoking prevalence and racial/ethnic differences in exposure to contextual factors associated with perceived smoking prevalence. We used cross-sectional time series data from the Legacy Media Tracking Surveys (LMTS), a national sample of 35,000 12- to 17-year-olds in the United States. Perceived smoking prevalence was the primary outcome variable, measured using an LMTS question: “Out of every 10 people your age, how many do you think smoke?” Multivariable models were estimated to assess the association between perceived smoking prevalence; race/ethnicity; and exposure to social contextual factors. Findings indicate that African American, Hispanic, and American Indian youth exhibit the highest rates of perceived smoking prevalence, while white and Asian youth exhibit the lowest. Minority youth are also disproportionately exposed to social contextual factors that are correlated with high perceived smoking prevalence. These findings suggest that disproportionate exposure to social contextual factors may partially explain why minority youth exhibit such high levels of perceived smoking prevalence.
Keywords: perceived smoking prevalence; youth smoking prevention; smoking perceptions; race/ethnicity
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Davis, K.C.; Nonnemaker, J.M.; Asfaw, H.A.; Vallone, D.M. Racial/Ethnic Differences in Perceived Smoking Prevalence: Evidence from a National Survey of Teens. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2010, 7, 4152-4168.
Davis KC, Nonnemaker JM, Asfaw HA, Vallone DM. Racial/Ethnic Differences in Perceived Smoking Prevalence: Evidence from a National Survey of Teens. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2010; 7(12):4152-4168.
Davis, Kevin C.; Nonnemaker, James M.; Asfaw, Hosanna A.; Vallone, Donna M. 2010. "Racial/Ethnic Differences in Perceived Smoking Prevalence: Evidence from a National Survey of Teens." Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 7, no. 12: 4152-4168.