Next Article in Journal / Special Issue
The Impact of the 2002 Delaware Smoking Ordinance on Heart Attack and Asthma
Previous Article in Journal
Dyslipidaemia and Undernutrition in Children from Impoverished Areas of Maceió, State of Alagoas, Brazil
Previous Article in Special Issue
Pathophysiological Impact of Cigarette Smoke Exposure on the Cerebrovascular System with a Focus on the Blood-brain Barrier: Expanding the Awareness of Smoking Toxicity in an Underappreciated Area
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2010, 7(12), 4152-4168; doi:10.3390/ijerph7124152
Article

Racial/Ethnic Differences in Perceived Smoking Prevalence: Evidence from a National Survey of Teens

1,* , 1
, 2
 and 2
Received: 4 November 2010; in revised form: 26 November 2010 / Accepted: 1 December 2010 / Published: 2 December 2010
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Tobacco Smoking: Public Health, Science and Policy)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [201 KB, uploaded 19 June 2014]
Abstract: Prior studies show that perceived smoking prevalence is a significant predictor of smoking initiation. In this study, we examine racial/ethnic differences in perceived smoking prevalence and racial/ethnic differences in exposure to contextual factors associated with perceived smoking prevalence. We used cross-sectional time series data from the Legacy Media Tracking Surveys (LMTS), a national sample of 35,000 12- to 17-year-olds in the United States. Perceived smoking prevalence was the primary outcome variable, measured using an LMTS question: “Out of every 10 people your age, how many do you think smoke?” Multivariable models were estimated to assess the association between perceived smoking prevalence; race/ethnicity; and exposure to social contextual factors. Findings indicate that African American, Hispanic, and American Indian youth exhibit the highest rates of perceived smoking prevalence, while white and Asian youth exhibit the lowest. Minority youth are also disproportionately exposed to social contextual factors that are correlated with high perceived smoking prevalence. These findings suggest that disproportionate exposure to social contextual factors may partially explain why minority youth exhibit such high levels of perceived smoking prevalence.
Keywords: perceived smoking prevalence; youth smoking prevention; smoking perceptions; race/ethnicity perceived smoking prevalence; youth smoking prevention; smoking perceptions; race/ethnicity
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Export to BibTeX |
EndNote


MDPI and ACS Style

Davis, K.C.; Nonnemaker, J.M.; Asfaw, H.A.; Vallone, D.M. Racial/Ethnic Differences in Perceived Smoking Prevalence: Evidence from a National Survey of Teens. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2010, 7, 4152-4168.

AMA Style

Davis KC, Nonnemaker JM, Asfaw HA, Vallone DM. Racial/Ethnic Differences in Perceived Smoking Prevalence: Evidence from a National Survey of Teens. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2010; 7(12):4152-4168.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Davis, Kevin C.; Nonnemaker, James M.; Asfaw, Hosanna A.; Vallone, Donna M. 2010. "Racial/Ethnic Differences in Perceived Smoking Prevalence: Evidence from a National Survey of Teens." Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 7, no. 12: 4152-4168.


Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health EISSN 1660-4601 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert