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Effects of Changed Aircraft Noise Exposure on Experiential Qualities of Outdoor Recreational Areas
Department of Air Pollution and Noise, Division of Environmental Health, Norwegian Institute of Public Health, PO Box 4404 Nydalen, N-0403 Oslo, Norway
Division of Mental Health, Norwegian Institute of Public Health, PO Box 4404 Nydalen, N-0403 Oslo, Norway
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 15 September 2010; in revised form: 6 October 2010 / Accepted: 15 October 2010 / Published: 20 October 2010
Abstract: The literature indicates that sound and visual stimuli interact in the impression of landscapes. This paper examines the relationship between annoyance with sound from aircraft and annoyance with other area problems (e.g., careless bicycle riding, crowding, etc.), and how changes in noise exposure influence the perceived overall recreational quality of outdoor recreational areas. A panel study (telephone interviews) conducted before and after the relocation of Norway’s main airport in 1998 examined effects of decreased or increased noise exposure in nearby recreational areas (n = 591/455). Sound from aircraft annoyed the largest proportion of recreationists, except near the old airport after the change. The decrease in annoyance with sound from aircraft was accompanied by significant decreases in annoyance with most of the other area problems. Near the new airport annoyance with most factors beside sound from aircraft increased slightly, but not significantly. A relationship between aircraft noise annoyance and perceived overall recreational quality of the areas was found.
Keywords: aircraft noise; annoyance; area problems; panel study; outdoor recreation; experiential effects; telephone survey
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Krog, N.H.; Engdahl, B.; Tambs, K. Effects of Changed Aircraft Noise Exposure on Experiential Qualities of Outdoor Recreational Areas. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2010, 7, 3739-3759.
Krog NH, Engdahl B, Tambs K. Effects of Changed Aircraft Noise Exposure on Experiential Qualities of Outdoor Recreational Areas. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2010; 7(10):3739-3759.
Krog, Norun Hjertager; Engdahl, Bo; Tambs, Kristian. 2010. "Effects of Changed Aircraft Noise Exposure on Experiential Qualities of Outdoor Recreational Areas." Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 7, no. 10: 3739-3759.