Next Article in Journal
Maternal Cigarette Smoking during Pregnancy and Offspring Externalizing Behavioral Problems: A Propensity Score Matching Analysis
Previous Article in Journal
Advances in Identifying Beryllium Sensitization and Disease
Article Menu

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2010, 7(1), 125-145; doi:10.3390/ijerph7010125

Assessing the Relationship between Socioeconomic Conditions and Urban Environmental Quality in Accra, Ghana

1
Infectious Disease Epidemiology Unit, Bernhard Nocht Institute for Tropical Medicine, Bernhard-Nocht-Str. 74, D-20359 Hamburg, Germany
2
Department of Public Health Medicine, School of Public Health, University of Bielefeld, P.O. Box 100131, D-33501 Bielefeld, Germany
3
Department of Biological, Environmental, Occupational Health Sciences, School of Public Health, University of Ghana, P.O. Box LG13, Legon, Ghana
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 10 October 2009 / Accepted: 7 January 2010 / Published: 13 January 2010
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [167 KB, uploaded 19 June 2014]   |  

Abstract

The influence of socioeconomic status (SES) on health inequalities is widely known, but there is still poor understanding of the precise relationship between area-based socioeconomic conditions and neighborhood environmental quality. This study aimed to investigate the socioeconomic conditions which predict urban neighbourhood environmental quality. The results showed wide variation in levels of association between the socioeconomic variables and environmental conditions, with strong evidence of a real difference in environmental quality across the five socioeconomic classes with respect to total waste generation (p < 0.001), waste collection rate (p < 0.001), sewer disposal rate (p < 0.001), non-sewer disposal (p < 0.003), the proportion of households using public toilets (p = 0.005). Socioeconomic conditions are therefore important drivers of change in environmental quality and urban environmental interventions aimed at infectious disease prevention and control if they should be effective could benefit from simultaneous implementation with other social interventions. View Full-Text
Keywords: Ghana census data; area-based SES; Accra; socioeconomic inequalities Ghana census data; area-based SES; Accra; socioeconomic inequalities
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

Scifeed alert for new publications

Never miss any articles matching your research from any publisher
  • Get alerts for new papers matching your research
  • Find out the new papers from selected authors
  • Updated daily for 49'000+ journals and 6000+ publishers
  • Define your Scifeed now

SciFeed Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Fobil, J.; May, J.; Kraemer, A. Assessing the Relationship between Socioeconomic Conditions and Urban Environmental Quality in Accra, Ghana. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2010, 7, 125-145.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health EISSN 1660-4601 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top