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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2009, 6(6), 1706-1723; doi:10.3390/ijerph6061706
Article

Analysis of Airborne Betula Pollen in Finland; a 31-Year Perspective

1, 2,* , 3
, 4
 and 2
Received: 31 March 2009; Accepted: 20 May 2009 / Published: 26 May 2009
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Public Health: Feature Papers)
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Abstract: In this 31-year retrospective study, we examined the influence of meteorology on airborne Betula spp. (birch) pollen concentrations in Turku, Finland. The seasonal incidence of airborne birch pollen in Turku occurred over a brief period each year during spring (April 30 – May 31). Mean peak concentrations were restricted to May (May 5 to 13). Statistically significant increases in the annual accumulated birch pollen sum and daily maximum values were observed over the study period. Birch pollen counts collected in April were retrospectively shown to increase over the duration of the study. Increases in April temperature values were also significantly associated with the earlier onset of the birch pollen season. Furthermore, the number of days where daily birch pollen concentrations exceeded 10 and 1,000 grains/m3 also increased throughout the study period. These data demonstrate that increases in temperature, especially during months preceding the onset of the birch pollen season, favor preseason phenological development and pollen dispersal. Birch pollen derived from other geographical locations may also contribute to the aerospora of Turku, Finland. To date, the public health burden associated with personal exposure to elevated birch pollen loads remains unclear and is the focus of future epidemiological research.
Keywords: allergen; Betula spp.; birch; biometeorology; temperature allergen; Betula spp.; birch; biometeorology; temperature
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Yli-Panula, E.; Fekedulegn, D.B.; Green, B.J.; Ranta, H. Analysis of Airborne Betula Pollen in Finland; a 31-Year Perspective. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2009, 6, 1706-1723.

AMA Style

Yli-Panula E, Fekedulegn DB, Green BJ, Ranta H. Analysis of Airborne Betula Pollen in Finland; a 31-Year Perspective. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2009; 6(6):1706-1723.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Yli-Panula, Eija; Fekedulegn, Desta Bey; Green, Brett James; Ranta, Hanna. 2009. "Analysis of Airborne Betula Pollen in Finland; a 31-Year Perspective." Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 6, no. 6: 1706-1723.



Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health EISSN 1660-4601 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert